Indigenous lands at risk, as Amazon sellout by Brazil’s Temer continues (commentary)

first_imgBrazilian president Michel Temer has twice survived National Congress votes to initiate impeachment against him on extensive corruption charges.Temer did so by selling out the environment, particularly the Amazon, to the ruralists who largely control the assembly.Among the concessions made or promised to ruralists are presidential decrees to allow agribusiness to rent indigenous lands, forgiving unpaid environmental fines owed by landowners, and ending any enforcement of restrictions on labor “equivalent to slavery.”This post is a commentary. The views expressed are those of the author, not necessarily Mongabay. Brazilian President Michel Temer. Photo by Aluízio Gomes licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic licenseMichel Temer, the vice-president who became president of Brazil in 2016 with the impeachment of Dilma Rousseff, is the subject of an ever-growing array of charges of corruption, “criminal organization” and obstruction of justice.He has now survived two votes in the National Congress on initiation of investigations and proceedings for impeachment, the first on August 2nd and the second on October 25th. Obtaining the necessary votes to block impeachment each time involved astronomical sums in various forms of handouts to selected federal deputies. The cost was not only financial – it was also paid by the environment, especially in Amazonia. The successful defeat of the second impeachment attempt did not end this pattern.Public opinion polls currently indicate that Temer has an approval rating of only 3 percent, an all-time low for any president since polling began in Brazil. This means that getting Temer’s legislative agenda passed requires a continual appeasement of the voting blocks that support him in the congress, especially the “ruralists,” or representatives of large landholders. There are also 25 proposals for impeachment still pending in the Chamber of Deputies, which could be brought to the fore as a means of pressuring Temer for more concessions.Indigenous lands appear to be part of the price in this new phase, as became apparent on November 1st, or one week after the second impeachment vote. Temer’s minister of justice revealed plans to allow agribusiness to rent indigenous lands. This is currently illegal, but the minister stated that the arrangement would be implemented either by means of an executive order (medida provisória) or by supporting a bill to this effect in the National Congress. He suggested that it would then be up to the Supreme Court to strike down the measure if considered illegal.Munduruku cacique Disma Muõ: “The government didn’t inform us. The government always spoke of the good things that would happen. They didn’t tell us about the bad things.” The Munduruku number around 17,000 individuals living in the heart of the Amazon, and are just one of many indigenous groups fighting for their survivial against the ruralists and the policies of Michel Temer. Photo by Mauricio TorresHowever, many illegal actions are simply allowed to happen in practice. Building the Belo Monte Dam without consulting the indigenous people it impacted provides a concrete example: in 2012 a lower-court decision in favor of the indigenous people was appealed to the Supreme Court by the executive branch. The dam proceeded to be built, the reservoir was filled in 2015, and consideration of the case has yet to appear on the Supreme Court’s agenda (see here and here).Temer’s favoring of the ruralist demand to open indigenous lands to “renting” (arrendamento) goes back to the lead-up to the second impeachment vote. On October 3rd, Temer met with ruralist deputies in the presidential palace, and, according to all reports (e.g., here and here), he promised to issue an executive order by October 9th allowing indigenous people to rent out their lands non-Indians. A firestorm of criticism ensued (see here and here). On October 4th, Temer denied he had agreed to issue the executive order. It should be noted that it is a common tactic by politicians in Brazil (and elsewhere) to deny controversial plans that in fact continue unchanged (e.g., see here). This recently occurred with president Temer in the case of reducing protected areas along the BR-163 Highway (see here, here, here, and here).Negotiations between ruralists and the administration on allowing agribusiness to rent Indigenous lands apparently continued after the president’s denial (see here, here and here). The most visible ruralist deputy behind the proposal has been Luiz Carlos Heinze, who is best known for his statement in 2014 that Indians (along with gays, lesbians and descendants of escaped African slaves) represent “everything that is good-for-nothing.” On October 18, 2017 a demonstration against a public hearing convened by the ruralist deputies on the proposal to allow renting indigenous lands turned violent, with some of the indigenous people gathered in front of the Chamber of Deputies building throwing rocks and the police responding with teargas and pepper spray.Indigenous leaders tear-gassed by police in front of Brazil’s National Congress in April 2017. Indigenous communities have seen a surge in violence against them and a loss of land rights since Temer took power in 2016. Photo by Wilson Dias courtesy of Agencia BrasilThe influence of ruralists has been on the rise for several years, but the opportunity presented by the recent series of corruption scandals affecting the president has raised ruralist influence to unprecedented heights. Bribes to the various people included in the “criminal organization” that is alleged to include president Temer totaled US $186 million according to then-General Federal Prosecutor Rodrigo Janot.The environmental costs of obtaining the support of enough Federal Deputies to block the first impeachment proposal on August 2, 2017 were high, but they may have been topped by the cost of surviving the second impeachment vote.A 245-page accusation was submitted to the Supreme Court by Rodrigo Janot just before he retired on September 14, 2017, and the accusation was then forwarded to the National Congress where it would have had to be approved to begin an investigation and trial for impeachment. Emblematic events include the May 18, 2017 capture of Temer’s right-hand-man, Federal Deputy Rodrigo Rocha Loures, with a suitcase containing the equivalent of US $159,000, the amount that had been agreed to be paid weekly for a period of 20 years to buy the silence of former Temer ally Eduardo Cunha, the now jailed former head of the Chamber of Deputies who was expected to turn state’s evidence in Brazil’s ongoing series of corruption probes. Police wiretaps had recorded Loures requesting the bribes in Temer’s name, and the confession of Joesley Batista, CEO of the Brazilian multinational JBS (the world’s largest “animal protein” company), stated that the money was meant for Temer. Then on September 5, 2017 a cache equivalent to US $16.3 million in suitcases and cardboard boxes was found in an apartment “loaned” to Geddel Vieira Lima — perhaps Temer’s closest associate who was Temer’s “minister of government” before being forced to resign in November 2016 in another corruption scandal. JBS confessions again tied the money to Temer and his political party. Geddel Lima’s fingerprints were on some of the suitcases. There was also a recording surreptitiously made in March 2017 by Joesley Batista where Temer voiced approval for payment of bribes by JBS to silence Eduardo Cunha.The vast rainforests of Brazil’s Amazon basin are being put at risk by the anti-environmental, pro-ruralist policies of President Temer. Photo © Fábio Nascimento / GreenpeaceApproximately forty percent of Brazil’s Chamber of Deputies is controlled by ruralists: an estimated 210 of the 513 members of the Chamber, or enough to block an impeachment vote.In the lead-up to the first impeachment vote on August 2nd, Temer granted an amazing series of concessions to the ruralists. In the period leading up to the second impeachment vote, ruralist demands included a pardon of US $10.8 billion in unpaid debts and fines by landowners who have failed to pay required contributions to a government pension fund for their employees. This is in addition to US $5.4 billion that had already been effectively pardoned by converting them to installments known as “refis.” The debt is first generously discounted, and the remaining balance is theoretically to be paid over many years, but in practice the installments are routinely left unpaid after the first couple of payments.On the day the second accusation was submitted to the Congress, the Temer administration released US $21 million in pork-barrel allocations (known as “emendas parlamentares”) to selected deputies and promised an additional US $317 million. These handouts translate into further subtractions from government support for other areas, most importantly the Ministry of Environment. On October 16th (nine days before the second vote) Temer’s minister of labor issued an administrative order (portaria) essentially ending any enforcement of restrictions on labor “equivalent to slavery,” which has long been a ruralist demand. Nine days later the order was temporarily suspended by a supreme-court justice, pending a decision from the full court.Michel Temer meets with his ministers, many of whom like agriculture minister Blairo Maggi, hail from, or have close ties to, Brazil’s elite ruralists. Since this 2016 photo was taken, several ministers have been forced to resign due to corruption charges; both Maggi and Temer are currently under investigation. Photo by José Cruz / Agência BrasilThe ruralist demand to open indigenous areas to renting out of land in “partnerships” between indigenous people and agribusiness represents a direct impact on the forest. Indigenous lands protect more Amazon forest than do the “conservation units” administered by the Ministry of Environment. Opening the way to clearing in these areas would be an unparalleled disaster for the Amazon forest. The plan to open up indigenous lands led Greenpeace-Brazil public policy coordinator Marcio Astrini to describe Temer as Brazil’s “worst president in history for the socio-environmental area.”FEEDBACK: Use this form to send a message to the author of this post. If you want to post a public comment, you can do that at the bottom of the page.President Temer, under threat of serious corruption charges, has sold out the Amazon and indigenous people to the ruralist lobby in Congress. Photo credit: sara y tzunky via Visual hunt / CC BY-NC Agriculture, Amazon Agriculture, Amazon Conservation, Amazon Destruction, Amazon Logging, Amazon People, Amazon Soy, Cattle Ranching, Controversial, Corruption, Deforestation, Drivers Of Deforestation, Environment, Environmental Crime, environmental justice, Environmental Politics, Ethnocide, forest degradation, Forest Destruction, Forest Loss, Forests, Green, Illegal Logging, Indigenous Cultures, Indigenous Groups, Indigenous Peoples, Indigenous Rights, Industrial Agriculture, Infrastructure, Land Conflict, Land Grabbing, Land Rights, Land Use Change, Protests, Rainforest Deforestation, Rainforest Destruction, Rainforest Logging, Rainforests, Ranching, Saving The Amazon, Social Conflict, Social Justice, Soy, Threats To The Amazon, Tropical Deforestation Article published by Glenn Scherercenter_img Popular in the CommunitySponsoredSponsoredOrangutan found tortured and decapitated prompts Indonesia probeEMGIES17 Jan, 2018We will never know the full extent of what this poor Orangutan went through before he died, the same must be done to this evil perpetrator(s) they don’t deserve the air that they breathe this has truly upset me and I wonder for the future for these wonderful creatures. So called ‘Mankind’ has a lot to answer for we are the only ones ruining this world I prefer animals to humans any day of the week.What makes community ecotourism succeed? In Madagascar, location, location, locationScissors1dOther countries should also learn and try to incorporateWhy you should care about the current wave of mass extinctions (commentary)Processor1 DecAfter all, there is no infinite anything in the whole galaxy!Infinite stupidity, right here on earth.The wildlife trade threatens people and animals alike (commentary)Anchor3dUnfortunately I feel The Chinese have no compassion for any living animal. They are a cruel country that as we knowneatbeverything that moves and do not humanily kill these poor animals and insects. They have no health and safety on their markets and they then contract these diseases. Maybe its karma maybe they should look at the way they live and stop using animals for all there so called remedies. DisgustingConservationists welcome China’s wildlife trade banThobolo27 JanChina has consistently been the worlds worst, “ Face of Evil “ in regards our planets flora and fauna survival. In some ways, this is nature trying to fight back. This ban is great, but the rest of the world just cannot allow it to be temporary, because history has demonstrated that once this coronavirus passes, they will in all likelihood, simply revert to been the planets worst Ecco Terrorists. Let’s simply not allow this to happen! How and why they have been able to degrade this planets iconic species, rape the planets rivers, oceans and forests, with apparent impunity, is just mind boggling! Please no more.Probing rural poachers in Africa: Why do they poach?Carrot3dOne day I feel like animals will be more scarce, and I agree with one of my friends, they said that poaching will take over the world, but I also hope notUpset about Amazon fires last year? Focus on deforestation this year (commentary)Bullhorn4dLies and more leisSponsoredSponsoredCoke is again the biggest culprit behind plastic waste in the PhilippinesGrapes7 NovOnce again the article blames companies for the actions of individuals. It is individuals that buy these products, it is individuals that dispose of them improperly. If we want to change it, we have to change, not just create bad guys to blame.Brazilian response to Bolsonaro policies and Amazon fires growsCar4 SepThank you for this excellent report. I feel overwhelmed by the ecocidal intent of the Bolsonaro government in the name of ‘developing’ their ‘God-given’ resources.U.S. allocates first of $30M in grants for forest conservation in SumatraPlanet4dcarrot hella thick ;)Melting Arctic sea ice may be altering winds, weather at equator: studyleftylarry30 JanThe Arctic sea ice seems to be recovering this winter as per the last 10-12 years, good news.Malaysia has the world’s highest deforestation rate, reveals Google forest mapBone27 Sep, 2018Who you’re trying to fool with selective data revelation?You can’t hide the truth if you show historical deforestation for all countries, especially in Europe from 1800s to this day. WorldBank has a good wholesome data on this.Mass tree planting along India’s Cauvery River has scientists worriedSurendra Nekkanti23 JanHi Mongabay. Good effort trying to be objective in this article. I would like to give a constructive feedback which could help in clearing things up.1. It is mentioned that planting trees in village common lands will have negative affects socially and ecologically. There is no need to even have to agree or disagree with it, because, you also mentioned the fact that Cauvery Calling aims to plant trees only in the private lands of the farmers. So, plantation in the common lands doesn’t come into the picture.2.I don’t see that the ecologists are totally against this project, but just they they have some concerns, mainly in terms of what species of trees will be planted. And because there was no direct communication between the ecologists and Isha Foundation, it was not possible for them to address the concerns. As you seem to have spoken with an Isha spokesperson, if you could connect the concerned parties, it would be great, because I see that the ecologists are genuinely interested in making sure things are done the right way.May we all come together and make things happen.Rare Amazon bush dogs caught on camera in BoliviaCarrot1 Feba very good iniciative to be fallowed by the ranchers all overSponsoredlast_img read more

«Ce groupe est déjà taillé pour la Ligue 1», selon l’entraîneur du FC Metz

first_imgAvant le déplacement à Strasbourg le 11 août pour la reprise de la Ligue 1, l’entraîneur du FC Metz, Vincent Hognon, évoque la préparation estivale, le mercato et ses attentes par rapport à un groupe très jeune qui bénéficiera des acquis d’une saison en commun.Quel bilan tirez-vous de la préparation à ce stade des débats?Vincent Hognon : On a vu contre Amiens un très bon match, avec une bonne intensité déjà. On a voulu des matches amicaux relevés et une préparation consistante parce qu’on va rencontrer une équipe déjà prête, qui aura de l’avance sur nous. Si Strasbourg se qualifie pour le prochain tour préliminaire de Ligue Europa, cette équipe aura déjà disputé trois matches officiels avant de nous recevoir. Chez nous, les entraînements sont de qualité jusqu’ici, même si on n’a pas toujours tout retrouvé en match. C’est normal, on a beaucoup mélangé les joueurs et on ne peut pas tout avoir mais on voit des acquis de la saison passée. Ça avance. Le FC Metz sera-t-il prêt dans les temps?On ne peut jamais être sûr parce que la façon dont on va s’adapter à la Ligue 1 reste incertaine mais, sur le potentiel du groupe, je ne suis pas inquiet.Entendez-vous les réserves autour d’un recrutement jeune avec des garçons qui ont peu d’expérience en Ligue 1?Non. On est jeune, c’est sûr, mais je pense que ce groupe est déjà taillé pour la L1. Seulement, il devra encore progresser pour se hisser à son niveau d’exigence. Cette année d’expérience en commun, dans un groupe qui a peu changé, n’est-elle pas votre meilleur atout finalement?J’espère. Ça doit être un facteur important en tout cas. Quand tu as des automatismes, des gens qui se connaissent et parlent le même langage, c’est plus facile. On gagne du temps. Et si on a voulu prolonger des joueurs, c’est un signe pour eux mais il leur faudra aussi nous montrer qu’on avait raison.Quel genre de milieu offensif attendez-vous encore ?Un milieu un peu plus créatif, pas forcément excentré. Mais il n’y a pas d’urgence, le mercato est encore long.Craignez-vous des offensives sur votre équipe ?C’est possible mais les joueurs sont sous contrat et heureux d’être là. Personne ne nous a demandé à partir.Parlons système maintenant. Vous utilisez toujours le 4-3-3, vous avez testé le 4-2-3-1 contre Seraing. Est-ce que l’option à deux pointes du 4-4-2 est exclue à Metz ?On ne l’a pas travaillée. Il y a toujours des changements possibles, on ne ferme aucune porte, mais avoir une infériorité au milieu de terrain, ce n’est pas ce que je préfère. Après, c’est sûr, le championnat et les performances peuvent toujours nous donner matière à réflexion.Enfin, quel est le discours de Frédéric Antonetti (le manager général) avant la reprise en L1 ?Il nous demande de confirmer ce qu’on a fait, de garder l’enthousiasme d’un promu et le comportement irréprochable de la saison dernière. Parce qu’il sait, lui aussi, que ce groupe a des qualités.Recueilli par Christian Jougleux/Le Républicain lorraincenter_img Partagerlast_img read more