Individuality in northern lapwing migration and its link to timing of breeding

first_imgWe tracked eight adult northern lapwings Vanellus vanellus (six females and two males) from a Dutch breeding colony by light-level geolocation year-round, three of them for multiple years. We show that birds breeding virtually next to each other may choose widely separated wintering grounds, stretching from nearby the colony west towards the UK and Ireland, and southwest through France into Iberia and Morocco. However, individual lapwings appeared relatively faithful to a chosen wintering area, and timing of outward and homeward migration can be highly consistent between years. Movements of migratory individuals were usually direct and fast, with some birds covering distances of approximately 2000 km within 2 to 4 days of travel. The two males wintered closest and returned earliest to the breeding colony. The female lapwings returned well before the onset of breeding, spending a pre-laying period of 19 to 54 days in the wider breeding area. Despite the potential for high migration speeds, the duration that birds were absent from the breeding area increased with distance to wintering areas, a pattern which was mainly driven by an earlier outward migration of birds heading for more distant wintering grounds. Moreover, females that overwintered closer to colony bred earlier. A large variation in migration strategies found even within a single breeding colony has likely supported the species’ responsiveness to recent climate change as evidenced by a shortened migration distance and an advanced timing of reproduction in Dutch lapwings since the middle of the 20th century. Migration strategies may vary between species, populations, individuals and between years within an individual. Individuals from a particular breeding population may migrate to the same wintering area or they may spread out over much of the non-breeding range. These connections between breeding and non-breeding areas of a migratory species are called ‘migratory connectivity’, and the strength of migratory connectivity has implications for the species ecology, evolution and conservation (Webster et al. 2002). Furthermore, the choice of a certain wintering area and migratory strategy may affect annual schedules including timing of events at breeding area (Marra et al. 1998), which demonstrates the importance to follow individuals throughout the annual cycle. Knowledge of variation in migratory routines within and between individuals of a population is also important to understanding and predicting the ability of species responses to environmental change, including climate change (Conklin et al. 2013). We employed GLS (Global Location Sensing, also called ‘light-level geolocation’ or just ‘geolocation’) technique based on the analysis of diurnal changes in light levels to track annual movements of northern lapwings (Vanellus vanellus; here synonymously termed ‘lapwing(s)’). Archival tags (‘geolocators’) record light intensities to determine dusk and dawn times from which geographical positions (two fixes daily) are calculated; day (night) length determines the latitude and time of local midday (midnight) the longitude (Hill ). Lapwings have been intensively ringed in many European countries for many years. Imboden (1974) undertook an extensive analysis (nicely summarized in Alerstam ) of ring recoveries collected during 1900 to 1969 from birds ringed as unfledged young and recovered within their first year of life or later. Albeit relying mainly on dead recoveries of hunted individuals, this analysis enabled the reconstruction of average seasonal movement patterns at population(s) level. It also revealed a large overlap in non-breeding locations used by lapwings originating from widely separated breeding colonies. Here, we present results from a first-time tracking study on this species by charting the year-round whereabouts of adult lapwings from a Dutch breeding colony. Some individuals were tracked for multiple years thereby providing first insights into individual consistency of migratory timing and choice of non-breeding locations. Finally, we investigate if spatial variation in non-breeding location relates to temporal variation of events at breeding area.last_img read more

Indiana Supreme Court Affirmed The Admission Of A Gun

first_img Indiana Supreme Court Affirmed The Admission Of A Gun Olivia Covington for www.theindianalawyer.comIn a decision reaffirming the notion that the doctrine of res gestae is defunct and is not grounds for admission of evidence, the Indiana Supreme Court affirmed the admission of a gun and resulting convictions in a joint Lake County resisting law enforcement and battery trial for two defendants.After Reginald Harris refused to leave his girlfriend Summer Snow’s property, Snow called police and officer Terry Peck arrived on the scene. Peck asked Harris to get out of Snow’s car, where he had been sitting, but Harris refused, resulting in a scuffle.During the scuffle, Harris pulled Peck into the car and began hitting him, with Snow encouraging him to beat the officer up. Peck eventually handcuffed Harris and advised Snow that if she did not stop shouting at him and go inside, she would be taken to jail for disorderly conduct.Snow entered her home but soon returned, and a second scuffle ensued between her and Peck. The officer restrained Snow, and while he was handcuffing her, felt something hit his knee and boot and land on the ground. It was later discovered the object he felt was a gun.Snow was charged with two counts of Level 5 felony battery against a public safety officer and one count each of Level 6 felony resisting law enforcement and Class B misdemeanor disorderly conduct. For his part, Harris was charged with Level 5 felony battery against a public safety officer and Level 6 felony resisting law enforcement.Neither defendant was charged with a gun-related offense, and they each filed a motion in limine to stop the state from referring to the gun at their joint trial. The defendants argued because Peck learned of the gun after arresting Snow, the state was speculating about the gun’s relevance, and the danger of unfair prejudice outweighed any probative value. The state, however, said Snow may have gone into her house to get the gun, making it relevant to show “some sort of aggression.”The Lake Superior Court denied the motion in limine, then allowed the admittance of the gun as evidence during trial over the objection of their joint counsel. Snow was found guilty of Level 5 felony battery against a public safety official and one count of Level 6 felony resisting law enforcement, while Harris was found guilty as charged.A divided Indiana Court of Appeals affirmed the admission of the gun and their convictions, finding the weapon “explained the circumstances and context of the extended verbal and physical altercations between Snow and Officer Peck.” Chief Judge Nancy Vaidik dissented, writing the majority had affirmed the trial court under res gestae grounds for admissibility.Counsel for Snow and Harris made a similar argument during oral arguments before the Indiana Supreme Court in April, warning the case could allow the concept of res gestae to be reintroduced into the Indiana judiciary. But in a Thursday opinion, Chief Justice Loretta Rush wrote the concept of res gestae remains defunct and the admission of the gun in this situation was permissible under Indiana’s Rules of Evidence.The chief justice also said the court disapproved of the “inextricably bound up” standard, a concept similar to res gestae, and disagreed with the state’s reliance on that standard. Similarly, the court rejected the Court of Appeals’ reasoning that the gun was admissible because it explained the “circumstances and context” of the crimes.Rush then went on to write the trial court was within its discretion to conclude Snow’s gun tended to demonstrate an aggressive state of mind, writing the evidence allowed for the inference that Snow “could have fetched the gun while she was in her house…and that it could have emboldened her aggression.” Further, the trial court instructed the jury about when a handgun is lawfully or unlawfully carried, Rush said, so the prejudice of the gun was not outweighed by its probative value.The high court reached the same conclusion in Harris’ case, and further rejected his argument that the gun prejudiced his right to a fair trial because it was not relevant to his charges. Harris waived that argument by raising it for the first time during oral arguments, Rush said, and also by not moving for a separate trial or request a limiting instruction.The cases are Summer Snow v. State of Indiana, 45S03-1703-CR-169, and Reginald Harris v. State of Indiana, 45S03-1703-CR-172.FacebookTwitterCopy LinkEmailSharelast_img read more

Mental health, discipline and guidance awareness

first_imgJanice Greenberg Dear Editor:This was a 17 year old teen who made the conscientious decision to steal an 8 year old child’s sneakers. When the teen couldn’t get the sneakers from the boy at school, the teen took it one step too far and went to the boy’s home on Nov. 14 and ultimately senselessly stabbed the younger boy’s father. Discipline and guidance must start at the home from an early age with parents and or caregivers playing an active role. Mental health awareness is very important and parents and caregivers need to be trained in how to be alert for possible emotional problems in their child/teen. This should be done through a partnership between school/law enforcement/non-profit agencies. This problem is one that transcends race, religion and income.last_img read more

National skills academy edges closer to launch

first_imgThe UK has taken a major step towards creating a bakery qualification to suit plant, craft and supermarket needs alike, as the pilot for a new bakery skills aca-demy gears up for launch early next year, subject to funding.The Steering Group fronting the drive for a bakery arm of the National Skills Academy, represented by employers and industry associations, hopes to have a pilot foundation course ready for launch by April 2009, with a September target for full national roll-out.Campden BRI (formerly CCFRA) has been appointed ’network champion designate’ in a co-ordinating role, subject to full pilot start-up funding being raised from industry and stakeholders over the coming weeks.Campden would assume this role, while Leeds Thomas Danby would act as the lead college, contributing to the curriculum’s development and implementing the pilot.The Steering Group will be approaching industry to raise the necessary £100,000 needed to fund the pilot, with a small funding contribution already secured from the National Skills Academy for Food & Drink Manufacturing. After securing this funding, the Steering Group will then be in a position to reveal details of the proposed curri-culum, following an ongoing consultation with plant and craft employers, associations and training providers. Please email your views to: [email protected] foodanddrink.nsacademy.co.uk—-=== In Short ===== Christmas courses ==The National Association of Master Bakers (NA) has teamed up with California Raisins to offer two one-day craft courses for Christmas. The courses will be delivered by NA member Ian Wilson at Slattery Patissier & Chocolatier in Manchester on 5 November and at Bako Western in Cullompton, Devon, on 12 November. Wilson will make Stollen and a Gingerbread House. The courses are free to NA members and cost £50 for non-members. Call Tina Sawyer on 01920 468061 or email [email protected]== Eccles firm fined ==A bakery in Eccles, Lancashire, has been fined £3,000 for using a filthy delivery van and having unhygienic premises. The shop had no soap or drying towels in its hand-washing area when Salford council’s environmental health officers inspected the premises in March. They found that the business had failed to implement a food safety management system.== McCafé expansion ==McDonald’s has announced plans to expand its McCafé coffee houses in Europe from 800 to 1,000 by the end of 2009. The fast food chain has outlets in Austria, France, Germany, Hungary, Ireland, Russia, Spain, Sweden and Portugal. There are currently no outlets in the UK.== Irish plans on hold? ==Dublin City Council’s attempt to boost the city’s café culture could be scuppered by the economic crisis in Ireland. The Dublin City Development Plan, to regenerate Dublin city centre as a focus for retailers and all activities, will be published for discussion in January and put forward to a full council meeting for approval, but a spokesman for the council said the current economic conditions could change the plans.last_img read more

Sen. Young wants to beat China through science, innovation and American spirit

first_img Twitter Pinterest By Network Indiana – June 15, 2020 3 739 Facebook Facebook Sen. Young wants to beat China through science, innovation and American spirit Google+ Google+ IndianaLocalNews Twitter WhatsApp (Photo supplied/U.S. Sen. Todd Young) WASHINGTON, D.C.–The best way to defeat China and their mission to beat America is through science, innovation and a rekindling of the American spirit, says Sen. Todd Young (R-Ind.). He’s asking Congress to pass the “Endless Frontier Act”, to encourage innovation and give the economy some help.Young said the Act, which is a bipartisan effort from he and Democrat Sen. Chuck Schumer (N.Y.), would solidify the United States’ leadership in scientific and technological innovation and combat China through increased investments in emerging technologies.The legislation would rename and transform the National Science Foundation into the National Science and Technology Foundation to lead these investments in the discovery, creation, and commercialization of technology fields of the future.“Until now, we have primarily focused on defensive countermeasures to thwart aggression by the Chinese Communist Party: blocking Huawei, tightening export controls, and improving foreign investment rules. These are important and must remain in place. But if America is to lead the world in the 21st century, it is neither realistic nor practical to build an economic iron curtain around China,” said Young.“We are not in a 20th Century cold war. But we can learn and apply lessons from the Cold War. Just as we did in the 20th Century, we must not simply contain a competitor but instead out-innovate and out-grow them.”“To meet these new challenges, we must once again show the entire world the resiliency and dynamism of the American people, American economy, and the American project itself. And to do this, we must not simply advance again towards the Endless Frontier, but accelerate into it. The Endless Frontier Act, authored by Senator Schumer and I, will provide the rocket fuel for America’s innovators and visionaries. Let us resolve here today to pass it so that this generation of innovators and their children can propel us forward and win the 21st century,” said Young.The Endless Frontier Act would provide a $100 billion strategic investment in the reformed and renamed National Science and Technology Foundation to bolster science and technology research and development. It would also deliver $10 billion to establish regional tech hubs across the country to launch innovative companies, revive American manufacturing, and create new jobs to jumpstart our local communities.“In coming years, the bill would strengthen American power, increase American prosperity, and carry on America’s never-ending quest to continuously improve the world through innovation,” said Young.The bill is named for a concept from Vannevar Bush, who was Pres. Roosevelt’s unofficial science advisor, and who initiated the Manhattan Project. Pinterest WhatsApp Previous articleFood Bank of Northern Indiana Mobile food distributions for the week aheadNext articleSouth Bend Common Council President, 1st District Rep. Tim Scott resigns Network Indianalast_img read more

Fleetwood Mac Postpones Shows Due To Band Member Illness

first_imgUPDATE [4/8/19]: Fleetwood Mac has postponed their upcoming U.S. tour and canceled their recently announced slot at New Orleans Jazz & Heritage Festival as Stevie Nicks recovers from the flu. A new replacement for their May 2nd slot has yet to be announced. Head here for details.On Thursday, Fleetwood Mac was added to the May 2nd lineup for the 50th-anniversary edition of the New Orleans Jazz & Heritage Festival. Fleetwood Mac is currently at the tail end of a lengthy North American tour, with a number of dates in Europe and Australia set to take place later this year.The band’s addition to the lineup came as a replacement for The Rolling Stones, whose headlining set was canceled along with the postponement of the band’s entire U.S. tour due to a health issue affecting Mick Jagger. On Thursday, Jagger underwent heart valve surgery and is expected to make a full recovery. Reports have indicated that The Rolling Stones’ postponed U.S. tour could be rescheduled to begin as early as July.However, a pair of recent show postponements has Jazz Fest patrons somewhat on edge. Amid the announcement that they will fill in for The Rolling Stones at Jazz Fest, Fleetwood Mac postponed two shows this past week—April 5th at Philadelphia, PA’s Wells Fargo Center and April 2nd at Boston’s TD Garden—due to band member illness. The band has not offered any details regarding which member is ill or the extent of said illness.Ticketholders for Fleetwood Mac’s two postponed shows can retain their original tickets for use at the forthcoming rescheduled Boston and Philly dates, the exact dates of which will be scheduled once the NBA Playoffs schedule is set.For the sake of the band, their fans, and the organizers and patrons of New Orleans Jazz & Heritage Festival, we hope whoever in the Fleetwood Mac camp is sick makes a full recovery soon. For updates on rescheduled dates, head to the Facebook event pages for the originally scheduled Boston and Philadelphia shows. For more information, head to the band’s website.For more information on the 50th-anniversary edition of New Orleans Jazz & Heritage Festival, head to the event website here.last_img read more

College of Science dean writes memoir

first_imgIn the mere four years since he joined the Notre Dame family as the dean of the College of Science in 2008, Gregory Crawford has ridden his bike across the country three times, met two U.S. presidents and traveled to Haiti on several occasions.  In his recently published book, “The Education of a Notre Dame Science Dean: My Four-Year Ride with the Irish,” Crawford recounts his experiences thus far in his tenure at the University and the ways they have impacted him personally.  Although he began writing the book in September, Crawford said he contemplated the focus of the book during his third cross-country bike ride, this one stretching from Boston to California. “I think it was all about the people,” he said. “I was originally only going to write it for my daughters, but then someone said, ‘You should really launch this thing because other people would like to read about … how you can learn as an adult.” Crawford said he considered his personal growth in light of two commencement speeches he has given: one at Trinity School in South Bend shortly after he arrived at Notre Dame and one last spring at his alma mater, Kent State University.  “I was sort of reflecting on two kind of endpoints,” he said. “I saw how my message changed and was sort of thinking about why that was the case.” Crawford said he realized the four years he spent at Notre Dame between those public addresses prompted a profound change in his mindset and experiences. “I’ve been so influenced by Notre Dame students, alumni and the sort of bigger mission [of Notre Dame],” he said. “That’s how I started to put [the book] together.” During his tenure at the University, Crawford has had the opportunity to fish with University President Emeritus Fr. Theodore Hesburgh and meet former U.S. President Jimmy Carter and President Barack Obama, in addition to scores of Notre Dame students and alumni. These encounters form the core of his book’s content, Crawford said. With regard to the time he spent with Hesburgh, Crawford said its significance was “not so much about fishing.” “I mean, who can say they’ve [fished with Hesburgh]?” he said. “It’s about spending three days on a lake listening to him talk about the history of Notre Dame and the United States and how he influenced it.” Crawford said he recalls feeling “almost flabbergasted” when Carter sought out the Notre Dame delegation in Haiti in 2008.  “When [Carter] said, ‘Hey, are you with Notre Dame?’ I really realized how leaders and presidents actually view the University and how much they knew about it,” Crawford said. “In some ways I was shocked, but after you think about it, you’re like, no kidding, of course they know Notre Dame and understand its values and really cherish what we’re trying to accomplish here.” But as the Dean of Notre Dame’s College of Science, one of Crawford’s most cherished relationships is his “phenomenal partnership” with the family of former football coach Ara Parseghian and the medical research foundation named for him.  As a result of the diagnosis and eventual passing of three of Parseghian’s grandchildren with the rare genetic disease Niemann-Pick Type C (NPC), Crawford said the University has committed strongly to finding a cure for the disease through research.  “Since we have such a connection with the family … we want to be the ones that really solve this in the future,” he said. “We’re doing everything we can and partnering with anybody else who shares our mission and passion for finding a cure for this disease.”  Crawford himself has made a personal commitment to the cause by contributing all proceeds from his book to the Ara Parseghian Medical Research Foundation and completing three transcontinental bike rides to raise awareness of NPC.  But more important than the research itself has been Crawford’s friendship with Cindy Parseghian, one of the foundation’s co-founders and a member of the Science Advisory Board, Crawford said.  “What she and [husband] Mike [Parseghian] did with the foundation around the world to search for a cure for the disease that eventually took the lives of their own children … is just phenomenal,” he said. “The hope they provide to families is just unbelievable even though their kids have since passed.” Working so closely with the Foundation has given Crawford the chance to interact with legendary coach Ara Parseghian, a relationship made even more significant by the fact that Crawford’s great-uncle played football for Knute Rockne. “Whenever we ask [Parseghian] for anything, he’s always there. He’s the nicest guy,” Crawford said. “He’s very passionate and an excellent speaker, and he talks to our scientists about finding a cure much like he probably hopped up his football team in his speeches.” On a daily basis, Crawford said he has been personally impacted by Notre Dame students, especially those who have joined the movement to find a cure for NPC through research and fundraising.  “It’s been pretty incredible to interact with students by supporting them, having them support our efforts and, most importantly, learning from them,” he said.  In recalling such meaningful life experiences and special people, Crawford said all are united by a common thread.  “I really enjoyed [writing the book] and kind of putting it all together,” he said. “There’s a lot of connections between the various chapters, but the underlying thing is the mission of Notre Dame, which is what brings people together.”  “The Education of a Notre Dame Science Dean” is available for sale at the Hammes Notre Dame Bookstore and through Corby Books.last_img read more

On the Town Will Offer Role to So You Think You Can Dance Winner

first_img View Comments The incoming Broadway revival of On the Town will offer a role to the Season 11 winner of FOX’s reality competition So You Think You Can Dance. The revival is set to begin previews on September 20 and open officially on October 16 at the Lyric Theatre. The winner would join the cast in the spring of 2015. If you need your dancing sailors fix before then (who doesn’t), On the Town choreographer Joshua Bergasse will choreograph a performance of the tuner’s “New York, New York,” featuring the Top 20 finalists for the July 9 episode. The new season premiered on May 28.  Related Shows On the Town follows the adventures of three sailors on leave in New York City. Based on the ballet Fancy Free by Jerome Robbins, the musical features music by Leonard Bernstein and book and lyrics by Betty Comden and Adolph Green. Toe-tapping hits from the show include “New York, New York,” “I Can Cook Too,” “Lonely Town” and “Some Other Time.” The Broadway revival will star Tony Yazbeck, Jay Armstrong Johnson and Clyde Alves, alongside Megan Fairchild, Alysha Umphress and Elizabeth Stanley. John Rando will direct. A handful of So You Think You Can Dance contestants from past seasons have made the leap to the Broadway stage, including Newsies’ Jess LeProtto (who had previously appeared in Bye Bye Birdie and How the Grinch Stole Christmas!), Evan Kasprzak, Alex Wong and Thayne Jasperson (also of Matilda) and After Midnight’s Virgil Gadson. On the Town Show Closed This production ended its run on Sept. 6, 2015last_img read more

Arthur Miller’s Incident at Vichy Extends Before Opening

first_img Related Shows View Comments Incident at Vichy Show Closed This production ended its run on Dec. 13, 2015 Arthur Miller’s Incident at Vichy has extended before opening off-Broadway. Directed by Michael Wilson and starring Emmy winner Richard Thomas, along with Tony nominees Jonathan Hadary and Jonny Orsini, the production will now play a limited engagement through December 13; the show had previously been set to shutter on December 6. Previews are scheduled to begin on October 27 and the play will officially open on November 15 in The Irene Diamond Stage at The Pershing Square Signature Center.Celebrating the Centennial of Arthur Miller’s birth, Incident at Vichy returns the work of the Pulitzer Prize-winning playwright to Signature for the first time since his 1997-98 Residency. In Vichy, France at the height of World War II, nine men and a boy are rounded up under suspicious circumstances. As ominous reports of far-off camps and cattle cars packed with prisoners begin to circulate, the men battle over politics, philosophy and how to escape.The cast will also include David Abeles, Curtis Billings, James Carpinello, AJ Cedeño, Quinlan Corbett, Brian Cross, Demosthenes Chrysan, Jonathan Gordon, Alex Morf, Darren Pettie, John Procaccino, Alec Shaw, Derek Smith and Evan Zes.last_img read more

Reclusive spider

first_imgBy April SorrowUniversity of GeorgiaMany Georgia doctors have likely diagnosed a patient’s suspect wound as a brown recluse spider bite. There’s just one problem with this: The spider really doesn’t call the Deep South home, says a University of Georgia spider expert. Over the past six years, only 19 brown recluse spiders have been identified in a study conducted in Georgia for the spider. And most were found in the northwest corner of the state, said Nancy Hinkle, an entomologist with the UGA College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences. Brown recluse spiders have only been collected 58 times in Georgia.“Hundreds of entomologists, extension agents from across the state, thousands of pest control inspectors and millions of citizens have been able to find brown recluse spiders in only 31 Georgia counties,” she said. From 2002 to May of 2008, Hinkle tracked verified brown recluse reports in Georgia. The findings were published in the January issue of the Journal of Medical Entomology. The spider is brown but has a darker, violin-shaped design where its legs attach. With its legs extended, it’s about the size of a quarter. If the brown recluse spiders in the state caused all the reported wounds, she said, they’d be very busy spiders. Hinkle received thousands of samples from across the state. Rick Vetter from the University of California at Riverside identified the samples. He is the world’s expert on the brown recluse spider. Brown recluse spider bites are very rare in Georgia. Hinkle said there is only one confirmed account of anyone being bitten by one in Georgia. However, 963 reports of bites in 103 counties have been filed at Georgia poison centers in the last five years. Over-diagnosis is a problem nationwide. Hinkle said South Carolina physicians diagnosed 738 bites in 2004, but only 44 brown recluse spiders have been found in the state’s recorded history. Similarly, Floridians claimed 95 brown recluse bites in 2000, but Florida has recorded brown recluse spiders at only 11 places in more than 100 years. The study was prompted by Hinkle’s arrival from California.”When I first came to Georgia, I heard several people say they knew someone who’d seen or been seriously wounded by a recluse,” she said. “I found that odd since the recluse is a Midwesterner, not a Southerner.”The spider’s native range does include North Georgia, but its distribution is limited there.Hinkle hopes the study will educate Georgia’s medical community and reduce the number of erroneous recluse bite cases. A mark on the skin that looks like a spider bite could be something more serious.She believes many assumed brown recluse bites could be methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus.MRSA is a type of staph infection resistant to antibiotics like penicillin, amoxicillin and oxacillin. MRSA causes mild skin infections that result in pimples or boils, but it can also cause more serious skin lesions or infect surgical wounds.Incorrectly diagnosing MRSA as a spider bite, and vice versa, can result in a patient getting the wrong therapy, Hinkle said.“MRSA infections require a specific set of antibiotics,” she said. “Brown recluse spider bites, on the other hand, cause tissue damage by salivary secretions in their venom and antibiotics have no effect on salivary secretions.” Other misdiagnosed wounds could be infections, insect bites, diabetes, bed sores, Lyme disease, anthrax or necrotizing bacteria, some of which can be fatal if not treated fast, she said. Almost all brown recluse bites heal without medical intervention, Hinkle said. And in spite of all the horror stories, only 1 percent requires medical attention.(April Sorrow is a news editor with the University of Georgia College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences.)last_img read more