Article published by Genevieve Belmaker Amazon Rainforest, Dams, Energy, Forests, Hydropower, Indigenous Peoples, Rivers Thousands who once lived near the Xingu River have been mostly relocated and compensated, but some refuse to go and have taken back territory by reoccupying the Belo Monte Dam reservoir.Overall, tens of thousands of people have been displaced by the dam, which was finished in 2015.Locals known as ‘river people’ are in the process of resettling the area near the reservoir, with over 100 people currently living there. ALTAMIRA, Brazil – All is not quiet on Brazil’s western frontier. Families that were displaced from their homes on the Xingu River, which was blocked to make way for the controversial Belo Monte dam, are undertaking an audacious step to restore their way of life: They are reoccupying the riverbanks along the dam’s 200-square-mile reservoir. Belo Monte is the third largest hydroelectric project in the world.As of February 2017, there were over 100 people occupying the reservoir. They have publicly declared that they are in the process of resettling the area.The Xingu River is a 1,200-mile tributary of the Amazon River and is at the heart of the lives and homes of thousands of indigenous and various forest-dwelling communities.The reoccupation action started after a November 2016 meeting when hundreds of locals assembled in the northern Amazonian city of Altamira (news is often slow to travel outside of Brazil). Altamira served as a staging area during the dam’s construction. At the meeting, local fisherman known as “river people” (ribeirinhos) and indigenous communities condemned Norte Energia, the consortium behind the multibillion-dollar dam project for what they claim is an unsuccessful compensation scheme and a failure to listen to their concerns.Norte Energia has strenuously denied claims of a failed compensation scheme, as previously reported by Mongabay.The Belo Monte megadam, Pará state, northwestern Brazil. The dam cut off the Xingu River and reduced its flow by 80 per cent, December 2016. Photo by Maximo Anderson for MongabayCrews finished construction of the dam and filled the reservoir in 2015, though turbines are still being built. In total, the Belo Monte complex has displaced about 20,000 people, according to estimates by global nonprofits such as International Rivers. The Brazilian advocacy group Xingu Vivo has put the number much higher, at over 50,000.In the first two years of construction Altamira’s population surged to well over 100,000 and millions of dollars poured into the city, but the city now has seen a spike in joblessness and violence. A month after construction ended, 20,000 workers were laid off, and the economy in Altamira fell 52 percent, according to local reports on the news site Amazonia.More than 800 people attended the November public assembly, organized by the public prosecutor’s office of Altamira, which addressed the social and environmental impacts of the 11,000-megawatt dam.Representatives of Norte Energia and IBAMA were present. IBAMA is Brazil’s environmental authority and the licensing body of the project. It maintains a permanent channel of conversation with FUNAI (Brazil’s Indian Affairs Department) for any matters related to indigenous people.There were also organizations supporting communities adversely affected by the dam. They included the Socio-Environmental Institute (ISA), the local advocacy group Xingu Vivo, and the Brazilian Society for the Progress of Science (SBPC), among others. The ISA is a Brazilian nonprofit civil society organization that works on socially responsible solutions to environmental challenges.During the meeting, a group representing over 300 families of ribeirinhos (river people) displaced by Belo Monte announced that its members intended to resettle along the shores of the reservoir. They also announced the formation of a “river peoples’ committee” to fight against Norte Energia and lobby for adequate compensation.“Norte Energia will try and divide us, but we must resist,” said Gilmar Gomes, a representative of the ribeirinhos’ committee.Change in statureLocal ribeirinho families, some of which now occupy the Belo Monte reservoir, are known as “river people” because they live along the rivers and survive largely by fishing.They have a shared history going back more than 100 years when the rubber boom opened up Brazil’s Amazonian interior to settlers that included their parents and grandparents. Over time, they have developed their own unique customs and means of living. Until recently, being called a ribeirinho was a pejorative term, and it was used as a slur.The Ribeirinhos’ Committee selects its representatives at its first official meeting in the city of Altamira, December 2016. Photo by Maximo Anderson for MongabayCrucially, they are now recognized as a social group with a specific way of life. Before, they were simply seen as fishermen, explains Ana de Francisco, 34, an anthropologist contracted by ISA who researches ribeirinho communities.“[Now] that is just an economic term,” de Francisco said. She explained that reducing them to mere “fishermen” is a way to deny their history. “It says nothing about their way of life,” she added. Now, ribeirinhos are working to reclaim the term, as well as the river, rebuilding homes along the shores of the reservoir.Compensation claims and future plansThousands of families affected by the dam have been compensated and relocated. But many – including anthropologists, health experts and lawyers who have accompanied the process – argue that compensation was incomplete or non-existent.There have also issues at the federal level with the basic functions of the project. Since 2014, Belo Monte has had its operating license suspended several times by Brazil’s environmental authority, IBAMA, for failing to comply with its agreed-to compensation scheme.Norte Energia has been accused of using only 28 percent of the resources set aside to compensate those affected by the dam, according to the ISA.In response to a request for comment on the ribeirinho committee and resettlement process Norte Energia said it remains in contact with community leaders.“On a semi-annual basis, the company reports its activities in the socio-environmental area to IBAMA,” the company said in an emailed statement. However, Norte Energia did not comment specifically on the reoccupation or the ribeirinhos’ committee.For the ribeirinhos, returning to their old way of life will present huge challenges; since the river was dammed, fish stocks have plummeted.“This is going to take years, many years,” ISA’s de Francisco said. “It will take at least five years for the fish to come back … they are going back to a lake, to a totally new environment. So they will have to adapt. The question of how they will divide themselves on the land, how they will reconnect as neighbors and they will produce is a big question.”Hydropower’s impactHydropower makes up about 80 percent of Brazil’s energy production, according to the International Energy Agency. Though it is often touted as a green solution to energy concerns, the scientific community largely sees it as an environmentally and socially damaging way to generate energy. It can significantly impact natural habitats, land use and homes in the area of the dam. Though the number displaced by Belo Monte pales in comparison to the Three Gorges Dam in China, the world’s largest – which displaced over 1.2 million people – it has had a devastating impact on the local ecosystem of this remote jungle region and the people that depend on it.The construction of the dam has also come at a time when changing weather patterns appear to be impinging on the livelihoods of people in the region. Ribeirinhos report hotter and drier seasons, which affect the river’s fish populations they rely on.Brazil’s hydropower accounts for about 80 percent of its energy production. Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, International Energy Outlook 2016Recent scientific research on the Xingu River points to climate change as a possible cause. Brazil-based biologist Cristian Costa Carneira confirmed the changes in a recent interview. Carneira, who researches aquatic fauna, is part of an ongoing study under the auspices of the Federal University of Pará that measures the effects of manmade climate change on the Xingu River in Pará.“We are seeing extremes in weather that are very abnormal,” said Carneira.Separately, Norte Energia is in the first year of a required six-year study to measure the environmental and social impacts of Belo Monte and to determine if indigenous and fishing communities can continue to live downriver from the dam. There isn’t any published research yet because it is an ongoing study.Lives forever changedAt the November ribeirinho meeting in Altamira, the scientific advocacy organization SBPC gave a 400-page report they produced on the dam’s social impact to the public prosecutor. Though the report is not available online, Mongabay has obtained a copy. Based on three months of field research, it claims that Norte Energia has effectively ended the ribeirinhos’ way of life and means of subsistence.The report states: “With the forced displacement of the ribeirinho communities, they lost their territory, access to the natural environment and resources that they relied on for their livelihood and income, which means that they were robbed of the conditions that guaranteed their social and cultural reproduction … When they were displaced they began to buy practically all foodstuffs, living in a situation (of) food insecurity.”The report also points out that the ribeirinhos were dealt a first blow when their homes were destroyed and then a second one with the chaotic implementation of its compensation scheme. The report called on the company to immediately change its course and implement a compensation scheme that follows the report’s guidelines.A flooded forest in the reservoir of the Belo Monte dam, December 2016. Photo by Maximo Anderson for MongabayA major issue stressed in the guidelines for the company to respect is the International Labour Organisation’s convention of “self-recognition” of traditional peoples, of which Brazil is a signatory.Norte Energia was accused of using a “divide and conquer” strategy to move them out of their homes before they were flooded. They were dealt with individually and given “all or nothing” ultimatums before being resettled to neighborhoods on the outskirts of Altamira or onto inadequate alternative land, according to the study. Others were moved onto their neighbors’ land, or next to mega-ranches, which could sow conflict in a region that is already beset with land-related violence and land theft. Land rights in Brazil’s interior have often been acquired through “grilhagem” – the falsification of land titles.Meanwhile others that were displaced did not have the necessary documentation to receive any compensation at all.The report also called on the company to provide the financial means for them to rebuild their homes in order to return to their way of life, while assuring they have access to essential public services.“This council should have been formed years ago, even before Belo Monte was built,” said Thais Santi of the public prosecutor’s office in Altamira, who is providing legal assistance for the case. One of the first steps necessary to move things forward, Santi explained, is for IBAMA to recognize the council.Banner image: The Belo Monte megadam, Pará state, northwestern Brazil. The dam cut off the Xingu River and reduced its flow by 80 per cent, December 2016. Photo by Maximo Anderson for MongabayMaximo Anderson is a freelance journalist and photographer currently based in Colombia. You can find him on Twitter at @MaximoLamarFEEDBACK: Use this form to send a message to the author of this post. If you want to post a public comment, you can do that at the bottom of the page.Background:Fearnside, Philip M. (2017). Brazil’s Belo Monte Dam: Lessons of an Amazonian resource struggle. Die Erde. Geographical Society of Berlin.International Energy Outlook 2016. U.S. Energy Information Administration.End of Belo Monte works highlights unemployment in southwestern Pará, Amazonia, June 30, 2016Belo Monte becomes reality, but chaos in the city of the plant is forever, Folha de S.Paulo, March 20, 2016Juruna block Transamazon to collect projects for Belo Monte, Amazonia, June 30, 2016Documentary shows impacts of Belo Monte Hydroelectric plant for local population, Agência Brasil, October 10, 2016Murder of Brazil official marks new low in war on Amazon environmentalists, The Guardian, October 24, 2016 Popular in the CommunitySponsoredSponsoredOrangutan found tortured and decapitated prompts Indonesia probeEMGIES17 Jan, 2018We will never know the full extent of what this poor Orangutan went through before he died, the same must be done to this evil perpetrator(s) they don’t deserve the air that they breathe this has truly upset me and I wonder for the future for these wonderful creatures. So called ‘Mankind’ has a lot to answer for we are the only ones ruining this world I prefer animals to humans any day of the week.What makes community ecotourism succeed? In Madagascar, location, location, locationScissors1dOther countries should also learn and try to incorporateWhy you should care about the current wave of mass extinctions (commentary)Processor1 DecAfter all, there is no infinite anything in the whole galaxy!Infinite stupidity, right here on earth.The wildlife trade threatens people and animals alike (commentary)Anchor3dUnfortunately I feel The Chinese have no compassion for any living animal. They are a cruel country that as we knowneatbeverything that moves and do not humanily kill these poor animals and insects. They have no health and safety on their markets and they then contract these diseases. Maybe its karma maybe they should look at the way they live and stop using animals for all there so called remedies. DisgustingConservationists welcome China’s wildlife trade banThobolo27 JanChina has consistently been the worlds worst, “ Face of Evil “ in regards our planets flora and fauna survival. In some ways, this is nature trying to fight back. This ban is great, but the rest of the world just cannot allow it to be temporary, because history has demonstrated that once this coronavirus passes, they will in all likelihood, simply revert to been the planets worst Ecco Terrorists. Let’s simply not allow this to happen! How and why they have been able to degrade this planets iconic species, rape the planets rivers, oceans and forests, with apparent impunity, is just mind boggling! Please no more.Probing rural poachers in Africa: Why do they poach?Carrot3dOne day I feel like animals will be more scarce, and I agree with one of my friends, they said that poaching will take over the world, but I also hope notUpset about Amazon fires last year? Focus on deforestation this year (commentary)Bullhorn4dLies and more leisSponsoredSponsoredCoke is again the biggest culprit behind plastic waste in the PhilippinesGrapes7 NovOnce again the article blames companies for the actions of individuals. It is individuals that buy these products, it is individuals that dispose of them improperly. If we want to change it, we have to change, not just create bad guys to blame.Brazilian response to Bolsonaro policies and Amazon fires growsCar4 SepThank you for this excellent report. I feel overwhelmed by the ecocidal intent of the Bolsonaro government in the name of ‘developing’ their ‘God-given’ resources.U.S. allocates first of $30M in grants for forest conservation in SumatraPlanet4dcarrot hella thick ;)Melting Arctic sea ice may be altering winds, weather at equator: studyleftylarry30 JanThe Arctic sea ice seems to be recovering this winter as per the last 10-12 years, good news.Malaysia has the world’s highest deforestation rate, reveals Google forest mapBone27 Sep, 2018Who you’re trying to fool with selective data revelation?You can’t hide the truth if you show historical deforestation for all countries, especially in Europe from 1800s to this day. WorldBank has a good wholesome data on this.Mass tree planting along India’s Cauvery River has scientists worriedSurendra Nekkanti23 JanHi Mongabay. Good effort trying to be objective in this article. I would like to give a constructive feedback which could help in clearing things up.1. It is mentioned that planting trees in village common lands will have negative affects socially and ecologically. There is no need to even have to agree or disagree with it, because, you also mentioned the fact that Cauvery Calling aims to plant trees only in the private lands of the farmers. So, plantation in the common lands doesn’t come into the picture.2.I don’t see that the ecologists are totally against this project, but just they they have some concerns, mainly in terms of what species of trees will be planted. And because there was no direct communication between the ecologists and Isha Foundation, it was not possible for them to address the concerns. As you seem to have spoken with an Isha spokesperson, if you could connect the concerned parties, it would be great, because I see that the ecologists are genuinely interested in making sure things are done the right way.May we all come together and make things happen.Rare Amazon bush dogs caught on camera in BoliviaCarrot1 Feba very good iniciative to be fallowed by the ranchers all overSponsored
La police brésilienne estime après enquête qu’il n’existe pas d’indices suffisants pour accuser la star du football Neymar d’avoir violé une jeune Brésilienne en mai à Paris, a annoncé lundi le parquet de Sao Paulo.L’enquête policière, première phase de la procédure, est terminée et doit être remise mardi au parquet, qui aura 15 jours pour décider ou non d’une inculpation, a déclaré une porte-parole du ministère public de Sao Paulo.L’attaquant vedette du Paris Saint-Germain est accusé par Najila Trindade Mendes de Sousa, une jeune mannequin brésilienne, de l’avoir violée le 15 mai dans un hôtel parisien. Neymar se dit innocent et affirme que la relation qu’il a eue avec la jeune femme était consentie. Partager La police de Sao Paulo, où Najila Trindade a porté plainte contre Neymar quinze jours après les faits allégués, considère qu’il n’existe pas d’indices suffisants pour accuser le footballeur d’avoir forcé la jeune femme à avoir une relation sexuelle et de l’avoir physiquement agressée.Le parquet peut à présent demander le classement sans suite du dossier, l’inculpation de Neymar ou un complément d’enquête. La décision finale reviendra aux juges.Neymar a été interrogé le 13 juin dans un commissariat de police de Sao Paulo. Najila Trindade a été entendue deux fois, également à Sao Paulo, les 7 et 18 juin.Le joueur a par ailleurs été entendu par la police une première fois début juin pour avoir diffusé sur les réseaux sociaux, pour prouver son innocence, une vidéo montrant des conversations et des images intimes avec Najila Trindade.Neymar, le footballeur le plus cher de l’histoire, arrivé de Barcelone au PSG à l’été 2017 pour la somme record de 222 millions d’euros, connaît une année compliquée également sur le plan sportif. Il ne cache pas ses envies de retour à Barcelone, et son devenir tient la planète du football en haleine durant le mercato estival, qui se termine le 2 septembre en France et en Espagne.Blessé à une cheville, Neymar n’a pas pu participer en juillet avec l’équipe du Brésil à la Copa America, remportée par la Seleçao.AFP
When it comes to landing a job fast, it’s all about the people you know — and the people who know you.According to Jobvite, 55 percent of employer referrals get hired faster than candidates from company career sites. In addition, HR professionals rate employee referrals as the No. 1 source for quality hires.Companies use employee referrals because recruiters and hiring managers have found employee referrals to be one of the most effective ways to discover talent and find the best candidates for a position. In fact, 44 percent of new hires are employee referrals.Not only is being an employee referral a great way to discover job openings, but also it’s a great way to secure an interview. Research shows employers prefer hiring employee referrals because it boosts their confidence in the candidate. Plus, as an employee referral, you already have a step in the door of a company.So how does one get hired as an employee referral? Getting referred by an employee greatly depends on networking. In addition, it’s also about targeting employers with whom you already have an inside connection.Here are five tips for getting hired as an employee referral:1. Start checking your LinkedIn connections.LinkedIn serves as a gold mine of opportunities as you search for professionals who can refer you for a job. First, take a look at your connections to find your strongest relationships. These could be people you’ve met at networking events, are previous coworkers, or alumni. Next, see if any of these connections work for a company that’s hiring or one you’d like to work for.Once you locate some LinkedIn connections, it’s time to start reaching out. Depending on the strength of the relationship you have with the person, it’s a good idea to send them a copy of your resume. This allows the individual to review your credentials before they give you the referral.2. Target employers.If there’s a specific company you want to work for, begin networking with employees who work for that organization. It’s important to do some networking first, especially when you don’t have a current connection with the organization.Prior to applying for the job, make sure you ask the person if you can use their name as a referral. It’s also important you explain how you contacted the individual, too.When you ask for the referral, ask the right questions. Instead of asking, “Can you refer me for XYZ position?” ask, “Do you think I’d be a good fit for this position? If so, do you think you could refer me?”3. Connect with the right people.As you continue to network with professionals, make sure you’re connecting with the right people. Although this might be difficult to do when you don’t have many contacts, it can definitely strengthen your referral.For example, if you’re marketing professional, connect with individuals within the organization’s marketing and PR department. This is a great way to target your application and create a stronger referral.4. Join professional organizations.Another great way to find someone to refer you is to get involved with industry and professional organizations. When joining an organization, you’ll have access to professionals in your industry who can connect you to job opportunities. Plus, you’ll discover exclusive job opportunities that were available for organization members, too.5. Schedule informational interviews.Informational interviews are a great way to build stronger relationships and learn more about employers as you search for jobs. Although the purpose of an informational interview is to learn about a company or profession, they’re a great way to build a new contact.When attending informational interviews, be careful with your approach when requesting a referral. If the individual encourages you to check out their job postings, then asking for a referral is welcome. However, if the individual didn’t mention anything about job opportunities, it’s a good idea to maintain a relationship with the person after the interview and follow up in a few weeks about the referral.Employers are more likely to trust candidates who have an inside connection with their company. Anytime you can secure a referral for your job application, you’ll you’ll have a strong advantage when you submit your application.What tips do you have for job seekers looking for job referrals?