Survey of previously inaccessible region of Myanmar reveals many endangered species

first_img17 of the 31 species are threatened, including tigers, Asian elephants, Phayre’s langurs, and dholes.The camera traps also detected images of the indochinese leopard across all survey sites, suggesting that Karen State could be supporting one of the most significant leopard populations remaining in South-east Asia.A major concern in the region is poaching of high value species like tiger and elephant for the international illegal wildlife trade, the researchers say. The first-ever surveys of forests in Karen state in southeast Myanmar — a region that was previously out-of-bounds for scientists due to security and political reasons — has yielded surprising results.Researchers have recorded at least 31 species of mammals in the region, more than half of which are categorized as Near Threatened, Vulnerable or Endangered on the IUCN Red List, according to a study published in Oryx. Some of these endangered mammals include tigers (Panthera tigris), Asian elephants (Elephas maximus), Phayre’s langurs (Trachypithecus phayrei), and dholes (Cuon alpinus).“It is incredibly rare to find such rich and diverse wildlife anywhere in the world today but certainly in Southeast Asia,” said Clare Campbell, Director of Wildlife Asia, an Australian conservation NGO that coordinates the Karen Wildlife Conservation Initiative (KWCI), in a statement. “Thanks to the long-standing conservation efforts of the Karen people this area is a refuge for the last tigers in the region, Asian elephants and so much more.”Asian elephant captured by a camera trap. Image copyright KWCI.Karen state (also known as Kayin state), is located in southeast Myanmar and borders Thailand. The state has had a turbulent past, suffering from decades-long conflict that has resulted in the deaths of hundreds of thousands of people and allowed little room for development. The region has also been excluded from most previous scientific assessments.“Previously this area has been off limits due to the military conflict between the Karen military units and the Myanmar army, and as a result the entire region has been a blackspot of information with regard to wildlife and omitted from wildlife distribution maps, etcetera. For example, the ‘Myanmar tiger action plan’ did not feature this important tiger habitat,” said Ross McEwing, wildlife conservation lead for the KWCI.Between December 2014 to July 2015, the KWCI set up camera traps in four areas of Karen state, making these the first surveys of their kind. The cameras captured at least 31 species of mammals, including 17 species that are globally threatened, such as the tiger, Asian elephant and dhole.The researchers also detected images of the Indochinese leopard (Panthera pardus delacouri) at nearly 60 percent of all camera trap stations and across all survey sites. This suggests that Karen state could be supporting one of the most significant leopard populations remaining in Southeast Asia, the authors write. Only 400 to 1,000 adult, breeding Indochinese leopards are estimated to survive in the wild today.The cameras also captured several records of gaur (Bos gaurus), barking deer or muntjak (Muntiacus spp.), Eurasian wild pig (Sus scrofa), and a few species of bears across the state.“This demonstrates a relatively intact and functioning ecosystem where local human hunting pressure is selective and sustainable and where top predators exist, and importantly reproduce, as a result of a high prey density (or food availability) — something now missing from much of the forests in Southeast Asia which limits the abundance and richness of top predators,” McEwing said. “In some of these areas we have tiger, leopard and dhole all sharing territories which is only possible if prey densities are high, otherwise tigers would exclude leopards or leopards would exclude dhole from these regions.”Indochinese leopard. Image copyright KWCI.Unfortunately, Karen state faces several threats, including poaching of high value species like tiger and elephant for the international illegal wildlife trade, the researchers say. In fact, with the ceasefire between the Myanmar Army and the Karen military units, incidences of poachers using snares along tiger trails has become more frequent, McEwing said. The researchers’ camera traps even photographed multiple groups of poachers.“Clearly the wildlife of this region has been appealing to poachers but the military activity which has caused so much human suffering has perversely been the factor that has ensured the persistence of high species richness in this region,” he added.The wildlife of Karen state is also threatened by increased hunting to support the large influx of people working in infrastructure projects, like construction of dams and roads, McEwing said. The state is also rich in minerals, and mining would not only destroy forests, but also poison river systems, he added.“Karen people have intricate knowledge of their forests and wildlife which is directly responsible for the abundant wildlife in this region,” said study lead author Saw Sha Bwe Moo, technical field expert for KWCI, in a statement. “However, as the peace process brings rapid economic development to Myanmar we are seeing increased habitat destruction and wildlife poaching that have decimated much of the wilderness in other parts of Southeast Asia. We must act now if we are to protect this last great wilderness.”KWCI has recently received a funding of $500,000 from the KfW IUCN Integrated Tiger Habitat Conservation Program to support their work on protecting tigers in this landscape.Tiger captured by a camera trap. Image copyright KWCI.Dholes. Image copyright KWCI.Clouded leopard. Image copyright KWCI.Citation:Moo, S.S.B., G.Z.L. Froese, and T.N.E. Gray. 2017. First structured camera-trap surveys in Karen State, Myanmar, reveal high diversity of globally threatened mammals. Oryx pp. 1–7. doi:10.1017/S0030605316001113.FEEDBACK: Use this form to send a message to the author of this post. If you want to post a public comment, you can do that at the bottom of the page. Article published by Shreya Dasgupta Animals, Biodiversity, Conservation, Critically Endangered Species, Elephants, Endangered Species, Environment, Happy-upbeat Environmental, Leopards, Mammals, Research, Tigers, Wildlife, Wildlife Conservation, Wildlife Trade, Wildlife Trafficking center_img Popular in the CommunitySponsoredSponsoredOrangutan found tortured and decapitated prompts Indonesia probeEMGIES17 Jan, 2018We will never know the full extent of what this poor Orangutan went through before he died, the same must be done to this evil perpetrator(s) they don’t deserve the air that they breathe this has truly upset me and I wonder for the future for these wonderful creatures. So called ‘Mankind’ has a lot to answer for we are the only ones ruining this world I prefer animals to humans any day of the week.What makes community ecotourism succeed? In Madagascar, location, location, locationScissors1dOther countries should also learn and try to incorporateWhy you should care about the current wave of mass extinctions (commentary)Processor1 DecAfter all, there is no infinite anything in the whole galaxy!Infinite stupidity, right here on earth.The wildlife trade threatens people and animals alike (commentary)Anchor3dUnfortunately I feel The Chinese have no compassion for any living animal. They are a cruel country that as we knowneatbeverything that moves and do not humanily kill these poor animals and insects. They have no health and safety on their markets and they then contract these diseases. Maybe its karma maybe they should look at the way they live and stop using animals for all there so called remedies. DisgustingConservationists welcome China’s wildlife trade banThobolo27 JanChina has consistently been the worlds worst, “ Face of Evil “ in regards our planets flora and fauna survival. In some ways, this is nature trying to fight back. This ban is great, but the rest of the world just cannot allow it to be temporary, because history has demonstrated that once this coronavirus passes, they will in all likelihood, simply revert to been the planets worst Ecco Terrorists. Let’s simply not allow this to happen! How and why they have been able to degrade this planets iconic species, rape the planets rivers, oceans and forests, with apparent impunity, is just mind boggling! Please no more.Probing rural poachers in Africa: Why do they poach?Carrot3dOne day I feel like animals will be more scarce, and I agree with one of my friends, they said that poaching will take over the world, but I also hope notUpset about Amazon fires last year? Focus on deforestation this year (commentary)Bullhorn4dLies and more leisSponsoredSponsoredCoke is again the biggest culprit behind plastic waste in the PhilippinesGrapes7 NovOnce again the article blames companies for the actions of individuals. It is individuals that buy these products, it is individuals that dispose of them improperly. If we want to change it, we have to change, not just create bad guys to blame.Brazilian response to Bolsonaro policies and Amazon fires growsCar4 SepThank you for this excellent report. I feel overwhelmed by the ecocidal intent of the Bolsonaro government in the name of ‘developing’ their ‘God-given’ resources.U.S. allocates first of $30M in grants for forest conservation in SumatraPlanet4dcarrot hella thick ;)Melting Arctic sea ice may be altering winds, weather at equator: studyleftylarry30 JanThe Arctic sea ice seems to be recovering this winter as per the last 10-12 years, good news.Malaysia has the world’s highest deforestation rate, reveals Google forest mapBone27 Sep, 2018Who you’re trying to fool with selective data revelation?You can’t hide the truth if you show historical deforestation for all countries, especially in Europe from 1800s to this day. WorldBank has a good wholesome data on this.Mass tree planting along India’s Cauvery River has scientists worriedSurendra Nekkanti23 JanHi Mongabay. Good effort trying to be objective in this article. I would like to give a constructive feedback which could help in clearing things up.1. It is mentioned that planting trees in village common lands will have negative affects socially and ecologically. There is no need to even have to agree or disagree with it, because, you also mentioned the fact that Cauvery Calling aims to plant trees only in the private lands of the farmers. So, plantation in the common lands doesn’t come into the picture.2.I don’t see that the ecologists are totally against this project, but just they they have some concerns, mainly in terms of what species of trees will be planted. And because there was no direct communication between the ecologists and Isha Foundation, it was not possible for them to address the concerns. As you seem to have spoken with an Isha spokesperson, if you could connect the concerned parties, it would be great, because I see that the ecologists are genuinely interested in making sure things are done the right way.May we all come together and make things happen.Rare Amazon bush dogs caught on camera in BoliviaCarrot1 Feba very good iniciative to be fallowed by the ranchers all overSponsoredlast_img read more

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DD Motoring: Hyundai i30N preview

first_imgEvery so often a car manufacturer turns out a car like this.The Hyundai i30N is based on one of the best sellers in the Hyundai range, the mid-model Hyundai’s i30 but that’s where the similarities end.The car and this N range is due to be launched in the coming months to a selected number of Hyundai dealerships in Ireland and our Local Hyundai Dealer for Donegal, Terence Diver in Letterkenny is one of them. Advertisement We had a spin in one of the two i30Ns he has on show in Letterkenny, ours was in a very bold blue which shows off the sporting stance on this very hot hatch right away.This car has everything which can be adjusted by the driver to suit their needs from Engine setting to take the best from the amazing 247 bhp power plant to suspension setting down to even setting the sound of the exhaust.The setting on the Hyundai N tailored to every driver’s need Photo Brian McDaidThe i-30N is named after the racetrack where the tuning was developed at the Nurburgring Ring in Germany and also after the Namyang development centre in Korea and it’s only when you sit behind the wheel of this roasting hot hatchback that you appreciate how well they have developed this car.There is so much happening under the bonnet of this car when you put the foot down but the difference in this hot hatch and the more familiar hot hatches is that the Hyundai i30N gives that raw power feeling back to the driver. Advertisement There seems to very little turbo lag and the car feels more live a normally aspirated engine. This powerful 2.0 power plant will rev to the cows come home.The very sporting grille on the Hyundai N which is now available at Divers in LetterkennyIt will hit the national road speed limit early in 2nd gear and yet it will pull away 6th gear from the lowest of speeds.That soundIt has to heard to be believed the sweet raw note of the twin exhausts when the car is pushed and Hyundai have even it programmed to backfire between gear changes. The car is amazing on the road the seats are just class with perfect support if you want to push the car on. This car is about fun and it even has launch control on it, something you are more likely to see on a F1 racetrack.The brakes look amazing with the big N developed callipers at every corner of the car and they work so well to take this powerful car to a stop very quickly.Amazing brakes on the new Hyundai i30N which were drove they week. Photo Brian McDaidThe Hyundai i30N is a direct competitor for the Golf GTI and the Focus RS, two cars that I think are amazing but think this newcomer could be having a look at the crown in this sector. I look forward to the official launch of this car later this year but in the meantime take a run in and see the car for yourself at Terence Diver’s Hyundai in Letterkenny.Day dreaming to nightmareThe first good car that I owned was a Ford Escort 1.6 Ghia Mk2. I fell in love with this car nearly a decade before I managed to buy it. I seen it arriving brand new to Hegarty’s Auto Services in Ballymacool one Sunday morning in the 70s on the back of Casey’s car transporter. I was a student at the tech and working in the petrol pumps in the evenings at the time and every so often we would be asked to de-wax these new cars.I was given this brand new white Escort Ghia to clean it up and get it ready for its new owner. The car was for the late Fr. Patrick Prendergast, possibly the first car he owned after his ordination. This car was both elegant and powerful with its 1600cc pinto engine, and the classic Ghia finish complete with a luxury interior finished off with a wooden dash! Nine years after the day I sat daydreaming as I was cleaning this car I finally got the chance to buy it. Even then it still had lost none of its appeal.The Ford Escort Ghia Mk2 as I rememberit arriving new to Hegarty’s Garage in the seventies.Now with my white Escort Ghia I am in the Creggan in Derry one evening when a massive bomb goes off in the city. It can be heard and felt for miles around. This was the era before mobile phones and the house phone was going steady as everyone in the family were ringing home to say they were safe. The Silk Cut Purple cigarettes are giving some comfort to the nerves as they wait on the last ones to call home. This stylish finish on the Escort Ghia complete with a wooden dash.By this stage a massive British helicopter arrived in the night sky and sits high over the Brandywell Football pitch with massive powerful search lights taking the occasional sweep around the area. I was thinking about heading home but the house hold assures me that I’m mad. Nobody moves for a while after a bomb of this size goes off but sure how’s a boy from Letterkenny to know that.The things that the British army were able to see through their hi-tech cameras even at night are recalled in the house in Creggan in an attempt to settle me down and make me stay where I am. This is having the opposite effect! I am even thinking my free state registered Ford Escort even though I have a Northern Ireland friendly “yellow rear plate” is going to be spotted sitting in the middle of the Creggan by this powerful camera on the helicopter and blown up in a controlled explosion.Fr. Prendergast’s car was unlucky for me in Derry so far. A week before this I was stopped at the border army checkpoint and a British Soldier was sure he discovered drugs, it turned out it was a ball of “Gartan Clay” in the Glovebox that dried up into dust!The helicopters sits for hours in the one spot every so often the wind direction would change and the sound would disappear. Then there was no sound at all. I was determined to get home that night but terrified at the same time. I’m visualising my journey down South-way, turn right on to the Lone Moore Rd. and then turn right again on the Letterkenny Rd and then face the Army Checkpoint on the way out to Killea.Lourdes WaterA double blessing of Lourdes Holy Water, only for times like these is dispensed at the front door before I head on my way. That and a bit of good luck of Fr. Prendergast’s old Escort will all be needed tonight. The wind has died down and there’s not a sound as I head out of the Creggan.I want to drive fast but think the better of it. Am I imagining it or do I hear a helicopter? The place is in darkness but there is a helicopter in the sky now and it’s deafening. I still can’t see it but I am waiting for it to come through the black vinyl roof of the car or open fire it sounds that near.At the bottom of Southway I decided I have had enough so I stop the car get out and give myself up. I jump out of the car and put my hands on the roof of the car in a pure shaken state and keep my head down. When I looked up there was no helicopter to be seen, but the sound was still there, all of a sudden the sound of a helicopter was replaced by the sound of a piano! What is happening to me here?By the time I hear the voice of Billy Joel singing I realised that I had mistaken his song on my radio, Goodnight Saigon for a British Helicopter in Derry.I loved that song at the time and had a Pioneer Stereo with extra speakers fitted. That night when I got into the car I switched on the radio and when I heard nothing I probably turned it up to full volume. The intro of Goodnight Saigon has 20 seconds of silence before the sound of the helicopter is heard and it last for another 40 seconds before Billy Joel finally sings.Memories of Helicopters in Derry which were one night mistaken for Goodnight Saigon.By now I’m looking around me as my radio is blaring to see if anyone has seen me making a complete fool of myself.I go from the arrest position with my hands on the roof to a stretched position my arms in the air, as if I am tired! Then I go around and give the front tyre a kick as you do and quietly get back into the car and get on my way back home to Donegal.Happy motoring folksDD Motoring: Hyundai i30N preview was last modified: January 24th, 2018 by Brian McDaidShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:brian mc daidDerryhyundai i30motoringlast_img read more

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