Newly discovered Tanzanian frog already facing extinction

first_imgCitations: Barratt, C. D., Lawson, L. P., Bittencourt-Silva, G. B., Doggart, N., Morgan-Brown, T., Nagel, P., & Loader, S. P. (2017). A new, narrowly distributed, and critically endangered species of spiny-throated reed frog (Anura: Hyperoliidae) from a highly threatened coastal forest reserve in Tanzania. Herpetological Journal, 27, 13-24.Hansen, M. C., P. V. Potapov, R. Moore, M. Hancher, S. A. Turubanova, A. Tyukavina, D. Thau, S. V. Stehman, S. J. Goetz, T. R. Loveland, A. Kommareddy, A. Egorov, L. Chini, C. O. Justice, and J. R. G. Townshend. 2013. “High-Resolution Global Maps of 21st-Century Forest Cover Change.” Science 342 (15 November): 850–53. Data available on-line from:http://earthenginepartners.appspot.com/science-2013-global-forest. Accessed through Global Forest Watch on March 02, 2017. www.globalforestwatch.orgFEEDBACK: Use this form to send a message to the editor of this post. If you want to post a public comment, you can do that at the bottom of the page. Agriculture, Amphibians, charcoal, Deforestation, Endangered Species, Environment, Forest Destruction, Forest Loss, Forests, Frogs, Habitat Destruction, Habitat Loss, New Species, Rainforests, Research, Tropical Forests, Wildlife Article published by Morgan Erickson-Davis The new frog was collected in 2001 from Ruvu South Forest Reserve in Tanzania, in habitat atypical for spiny reed frogs.The scientists who collected it couldn’t identify it in the field. Fourteen years later, they sequenced the frog’s DNA, which revealed that it was a species previously unknown to science.The new species is represented by just one museum specimen. Recent attempts to find more in Ruvu South Forest Reserve failed to turn up the sought-after frogs, leaving researchers worried the species is being wiped out by dramatic deforestation affecting the reserve and surrounding areas. You don’t have to travel far to discover a new species – just head to the natural history museum.At least that’s how Chris Barratt, a doctoral student at the University of Basel in Switzerland, discovered Hyperolius ruvuensis, the newest species to be named in the clad of so-called spiny-throated reed frogs. The species has been preserved in the Museum of Natural History in London for more than a decade, but was never properly examined and described, Barrett says. That is, until now.“It sat in the museum for 14 years before we took it out,” Barratt told Mongabay. “We were hoping it would still have DNA [needed for identification], and it did.”Barratt and his colleague had a hunch that the museum specimen of now-named H. ruvuensis – then listed as another species in the spiny-throated clad – was indeed a new frog. The unusual pattern of the frog’s spines was the first clue, which prompted Barratt to analyze specimen’s DNA and morphology. Published last month in the Herpetological Journal, his analysis revealed that the specimen is in fact a new species of spiny-throated reed frog, a clade of seven species named for what he describes as a “beard” of spines, which serve a purpose still unknown.The “new” species was collected more than 15 years ago in Ruvu South Forest Reserve, a small protected area just outside of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. At the time, David Emmett – then a wildlife biologist with the NGO The Society for Environmental Exploration – was surveying the reserve.The newly discovered Ruvu spiny reed frog (Hyperolius ruvuensis)from Ruvu South Forest Reserve has never been photographed in the wild and is only known from museum specimens collected in 2001. Photo by Chris Barret“One evening I could hear this reed frog calling,” he told Mongabay. “And I remember thinking: ‘Well, that’s strange. They shouldn’t be here’.”That’s because reed frogs hadn’t been known to inhabit lowland, coastal forests – the very landscape that typified Ruvu South Forest Reserve. This piqued Emmett’s interest, so he waded into the reeds, where he found several frogs that he’d never seen before.Like any wildlife biologist would do, he turned to field guides for answers, he said.“Every time you find anything, you look at the books,” Emmett said. “Normally, you can identify something straight away, but when you’ve gone through to the last page of the book and the frog is still not there, you start to get excited.”He reached the last page, but still couldn’t find a match. Sensing a possible species discovery, he collected a few of the frogs and sent them off to London, where they would later be identified.Ruvu South Forest Reserve is an unusual place to discover a new species, the authors say. Indeed, scientists typically find new species in unexplored, intact, and isolated habitats – and none of these terms describe the reserve. According to Barratt, that’s part of what makes this discovery especially exciting.“This discovery shows us that even a small forest reserve right next to a busy city that’s been surveyed quite a lot can yield new species,” he said. “For me, that’s really exciting.”But it’s alarming as well, the researchers write. That’s because H. ruvuensis is likely “microendemic” to the reserve, meaning it’s found nowhere else on the planet, according to the study. In other words: if habitat in the reserve is wiped out, the species will be, too.And habitat loss is already well underway. Tree cover data from the University of Maryland reveals that more than 3,000 hectares – or 13 percent – of the reserve’s forests were cleared between 2000 and 2014. Research by the Tanzania Forest Conservation Group (TFCG), a local NGO, points to fire and illegal charcoal production as the primary drivers.Around 13 percent of the tree cover in Ruvu South Forest Reserve was lost between 2001 and 2014. Currently, forests remain in around 66 percent of the reserve.Hyperolius ruvuensis hasn’t been seen in the wild since it was first found by Emmett’s team in 2001, despite recent attempts to track it down.But that doesn’t mean the species is extinct, the researchers say – more research is needed to make that determination. For now, the authors recommend that H. ruvuensis be classified as Critically Endangered by The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), a category saved for species that are facing a high risk of extinction in the wild, like the Sumatran orangutan.The future of H. ruvuensis – and other species in the reserve – relies on stronger enforcement of protected area laws, Barratt says. And it’s now or never, he adds.“There has to be something done in a way to mitigate people going into the forest and cutting a trees down,” he said. “It’s really at the stage now where it’s completely critical that they do something.”Emmett, now a Senior Vice President at Conservation International, agrees on the state of urgency.“To me this species being discovered and potentially disappearing is a rallying cry to the urgency of the need [for] better protected nature because we don’t know what we’ve got until it’s gone,” he said. Popular in the CommunitySponsoredSponsoredOrangutan found tortured and decapitated prompts Indonesia probeEMGIES17 Jan, 2018We will never know the full extent of what this poor Orangutan went through before he died, the same must be done to this evil perpetrator(s) they don’t deserve the air that they breathe this has truly upset me and I wonder for the future for these wonderful creatures. So called ‘Mankind’ has a lot to answer for we are the only ones ruining this world I prefer animals to humans any day of the week.What makes community ecotourism succeed? In Madagascar, location, location, locationScissors1dOther countries should also learn and try to incorporateWhy you should care about the current wave of mass extinctions (commentary)Processor1 DecAfter all, there is no infinite anything in the whole galaxy!Infinite stupidity, right here on earth.The wildlife trade threatens people and animals alike (commentary)Anchor3dUnfortunately I feel The Chinese have no compassion for any living animal. They are a cruel country that as we knowneatbeverything that moves and do not humanily kill these poor animals and insects. They have no health and safety on their markets and they then contract these diseases. Maybe its karma maybe they should look at the way they live and stop using animals for all there so called remedies. DisgustingConservationists welcome China’s wildlife trade banThobolo27 JanChina has consistently been the worlds worst, “ Face of Evil “ in regards our planets flora and fauna survival. In some ways, this is nature trying to fight back. This ban is great, but the rest of the world just cannot allow it to be temporary, because history has demonstrated that once this coronavirus passes, they will in all likelihood, simply revert to been the planets worst Ecco Terrorists. Let’s simply not allow this to happen! How and why they have been able to degrade this planets iconic species, rape the planets rivers, oceans and forests, with apparent impunity, is just mind boggling! Please no more.Probing rural poachers in Africa: Why do they poach?Carrot3dOne day I feel like animals will be more scarce, and I agree with one of my friends, they said that poaching will take over the world, but I also hope notUpset about Amazon fires last year? Focus on deforestation this year (commentary)Bullhorn4dLies and more leisSponsoredSponsoredCoke is again the biggest culprit behind plastic waste in the PhilippinesGrapes7 NovOnce again the article blames companies for the actions of individuals. It is individuals that buy these products, it is individuals that dispose of them improperly. If we want to change it, we have to change, not just create bad guys to blame.Brazilian response to Bolsonaro policies and Amazon fires growsCar4 SepThank you for this excellent report. I feel overwhelmed by the ecocidal intent of the Bolsonaro government in the name of ‘developing’ their ‘God-given’ resources.U.S. allocates first of $30M in grants for forest conservation in SumatraPlanet4dcarrot hella thick ;)Melting Arctic sea ice may be altering winds, weather at equator: studyleftylarry30 JanThe Arctic sea ice seems to be recovering this winter as per the last 10-12 years, good news.Malaysia has the world’s highest deforestation rate, reveals Google forest mapBone27 Sep, 2018Who you’re trying to fool with selective data revelation?You can’t hide the truth if you show historical deforestation for all countries, especially in Europe from 1800s to this day. WorldBank has a good wholesome data on this.Mass tree planting along India’s Cauvery River has scientists worriedSurendra Nekkanti23 JanHi Mongabay. Good effort trying to be objective in this article. I would like to give a constructive feedback which could help in clearing things up.1. It is mentioned that planting trees in village common lands will have negative affects socially and ecologically. There is no need to even have to agree or disagree with it, because, you also mentioned the fact that Cauvery Calling aims to plant trees only in the private lands of the farmers. So, plantation in the common lands doesn’t come into the picture.2.I don’t see that the ecologists are totally against this project, but just they they have some concerns, mainly in terms of what species of trees will be planted. And because there was no direct communication between the ecologists and Isha Foundation, it was not possible for them to address the concerns. As you seem to have spoken with an Isha spokesperson, if you could connect the concerned parties, it would be great, because I see that the ecologists are genuinely interested in making sure things are done the right way.May we all come together and make things happen.Rare Amazon bush dogs caught on camera in BoliviaCarrot1 Feba very good iniciative to be fallowed by the ranchers all overSponsoredlast_img read more

Read More

10 Tips For Young Professionals Starting Their First ‘Real’ Job

first_imgEntering the working world for the first time after graduating is definitely going to be intimidating. You might think you know what to expect, but as in any new situation, there will be things about your job that catch you by surprise.No matter what industry you’re in, there are certain things you should be prepared to face in every entry-level job.1. Things will pick up very quickly. As soon as you get through the paperwork and onboarding phase, things will get going very quickly. You’ll have tasks to complete almost immediately, and you’ll have to come up with a plan to get everything done. Stay on top of your game by coming up with a plan and following it.2. You’ll have to handle a lot on your own. You’re no longer an intern where everything is supervised closely. Now you have to do things independently. You have to make sure you get everything done and complete tasks by their deadlines. Ask lots of questions at the beginning to make sure you do things the right way. Additionally, you probably won’t receive as much feedback as you did when you were an intern. Don’t expect them to give you a review for everything you complete. If you’re concerned about how you’re doing, you need to ask your boss yourself.3. Your opinion matters. More than being independent, you will also have to be creative. You will be expected to share your ideas and come up with new methods. Identify problems and come up with solutions. Be vocal during brainstorm sessions. Devise ways to be more efficient or come up with new ways to do your job. Just because you’re new doesn’t mean your opinion isn’t important. You were hired for a reason. Being innovative is one of the qualities that will help you move up in the workplace.4. Place an emphasis on learning. Even though you’re expected to do all of these independent things, don’t think you need to know how to do everything. Your first job is also about learning. Learn how to manage your time, meet deadlines, work with your team, and more. Additionally, if your company provides opportunities to further your education (through special programs, tuition reimbursement, or something else), take advantage of it. There is always something new to learn.5. Respond to emails in a timely manner. Depending on your college experiences, you may not have been held accountable for frequent emailing in the past. In the working world, however, responding to emails in a timely manner is essential. Everyone you deal with throughout your career has deadlines to meet and someone to whom they report. That’s why it is essential to respond to emails within 24 hours of receiving them. In fact, the sooner the better. Be sure to read through your responses carefully, though. Being quick is no excuse for bad spelling or grammar. Be efficient, but professional.6. Networking is just as important after you land the job. You have to continue networking throughout your entire career. Attend company outings, industry events, and get to know your colleagues. Networking will continue to be important in your future. Whether it comes in handy when you change jobs or when you need to collaborate on a project. You never know when those connections will be helpful.7. Get involved in things in your free time. In college it was easy to get involved in extracurricular activities because they were so abundant on campus. Now that you’re in the real world, you need to make the extra effort to stay active. Join alumni groups, professional organizations, volunteer organizations, and more. Go out to happy hour with your co-workers. These are all great places to make new friends and stay busy. It’s important to put some effort into your social life once you leave the comfort of college.8. Keep track of your accomplishments. All throughout your career, and especially during your first job, you should keep track of the things you do. Whether it’s articles you write, outlines of brainstorming sessions, reviews of financial statements for a client, plans for an event, or an email marketing campaign, all of these things matter. Keeping a file of all of these work accomplishments will help you discuss your job with your boss or even interviewers in the future.9. Always be professional. There is no excuse for being unprofessional once you start your first job. Every time you are in the presence of a colleague, you need to look and act the part. Always be on time, be courteous, and dress professionally. Think about where you want your career to go and act like you’re already there. Being professional will get you far in your career.10. Always be positive. Finally, you have to remember to always have a positive attitude. Your first job might be overwhelming at first, but eventually some of your duties might become tedious. In every stage of your work, you need to maintain a positive attitude. Whether you feel stressed out about your work or you’re growing bored with it, remaining positive is really important. People who complain about their jobs aren’t nearly as successful as those who embrace them. If you remain positive, better things will come.When you work hard and keep these things in mind, your first entry-level job will be a breeze. By having the right attitude and continuing to grow, you will start your career off strong.last_img read more

Read More

This post is in conjunction with The LEGO® NINJAGO

first_imgThis post is in conjunction with The LEGO® NINJAGO® Movie Ride the flying trainsEnjoy the efficiency of NINJAGO’s transport infrastructure, which was built brick by brick with painstaking care. Word of warning though: avoid using during one of Garmadon’s attacks as you can get really blocked in.Go trekking through the forestThe spectacular forests of NINJAGO City’s surrounding area will leave you speechless, literally so if you leave the Right Path. Branch out by taking a trip to the Temple of Fragile Foundations. Bored of Bora Bora? Been to Bali? Done with Dubai?If you really want to see exotic coastline, head to the beaches of NINJAGO, where the vivid blue ocean laps the sparkling sands, and the view of Garmadon’s Volcano Lair in the distance is so stunning you’ll wonder if it’s real. Visit the beaches Learn Spinjitzu with the NinjasGo down to the docks and embark on Destiny’s Bounty to learn the close-combat martial arts technique with real ninjas. You’ll be in your element.Boarding for NINJAGO is now in progress (Psst – just in case you were trying to find flights to this magical land, we’re afraid it’s not a real life destination. Perhaps you could give Japan a shot instead?) Observe the local wildlife…If you’re feeling adventurous, seek out some of the local wildlife and bond with the region’s giant cat. It would be a catastrophe if you missed the flea market, too.Find your inner-pieceJump aboard the meditation train and seek out Master Wu for mentoring. It can be a tough one to figure out, but finding inner-piece can transform your life. We’ve dug out seven essential things that you need to do on your trip, so start with these and build on your perfect itinerary from there… Related8 late season sun destinations for lessBeat the post-summer blues by jetting off to find some late season sun. Here are the top 8 destinations for some autumn sunshine.Love islands: are these the most romantic islands in the world?It’s only week two and although we promised ourselves it wouldn’t happen this year, we’ve done it again – we’ve fallen hook, line and sinker for Love Island. And while Majorca is the home of that villa, there are plenty of other destinations that will set hearts a flutter, and…50 of the world’s most beautiful beaches: in picturesDreaming of summer and longing to park your bum on some sand? Here’s our selection of 50 of the most perfect beaches in the world, including beautiful spots in Bali, hidden coves in Cornwall and spectacular stretches of black sand in Hawaii. ReturnOne wayMulti-cityFromAdd nearby airports ToAdd nearby airportsDepart14/08/2019Return21/08/2019Cabin Class & Travellers1 adult, EconomyDirect flights onlySearch flights Maplast_img read more

Read More