Newly discovered Tanzanian frog already facing extinction

first_imgCitations: Barratt, C. D., Lawson, L. P., Bittencourt-Silva, G. B., Doggart, N., Morgan-Brown, T., Nagel, P., & Loader, S. P. (2017). A new, narrowly distributed, and critically endangered species of spiny-throated reed frog (Anura: Hyperoliidae) from a highly threatened coastal forest reserve in Tanzania. Herpetological Journal, 27, 13-24.Hansen, M. C., P. V. Potapov, R. Moore, M. Hancher, S. A. Turubanova, A. Tyukavina, D. Thau, S. V. Stehman, S. J. Goetz, T. R. Loveland, A. Kommareddy, A. Egorov, L. Chini, C. O. Justice, and J. R. G. Townshend. 2013. “High-Resolution Global Maps of 21st-Century Forest Cover Change.” Science 342 (15 November): 850–53. Data available on-line from:http://earthenginepartners.appspot.com/science-2013-global-forest. Accessed through Global Forest Watch on March 02, 2017. www.globalforestwatch.orgFEEDBACK: Use this form to send a message to the editor of this post. If you want to post a public comment, you can do that at the bottom of the page. Agriculture, Amphibians, charcoal, Deforestation, Endangered Species, Environment, Forest Destruction, Forest Loss, Forests, Frogs, Habitat Destruction, Habitat Loss, New Species, Rainforests, Research, Tropical Forests, Wildlife Article published by Morgan Erickson-Davis The new frog was collected in 2001 from Ruvu South Forest Reserve in Tanzania, in habitat atypical for spiny reed frogs.The scientists who collected it couldn’t identify it in the field. Fourteen years later, they sequenced the frog’s DNA, which revealed that it was a species previously unknown to science.The new species is represented by just one museum specimen. Recent attempts to find more in Ruvu South Forest Reserve failed to turn up the sought-after frogs, leaving researchers worried the species is being wiped out by dramatic deforestation affecting the reserve and surrounding areas. You don’t have to travel far to discover a new species – just head to the natural history museum.At least that’s how Chris Barratt, a doctoral student at the University of Basel in Switzerland, discovered Hyperolius ruvuensis, the newest species to be named in the clad of so-called spiny-throated reed frogs. The species has been preserved in the Museum of Natural History in London for more than a decade, but was never properly examined and described, Barrett says. That is, until now.“It sat in the museum for 14 years before we took it out,” Barratt told Mongabay. “We were hoping it would still have DNA [needed for identification], and it did.”Barratt and his colleague had a hunch that the museum specimen of now-named H. ruvuensis – then listed as another species in the spiny-throated clad – was indeed a new frog. The unusual pattern of the frog’s spines was the first clue, which prompted Barratt to analyze specimen’s DNA and morphology. Published last month in the Herpetological Journal, his analysis revealed that the specimen is in fact a new species of spiny-throated reed frog, a clade of seven species named for what he describes as a “beard” of spines, which serve a purpose still unknown.The “new” species was collected more than 15 years ago in Ruvu South Forest Reserve, a small protected area just outside of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. At the time, David Emmett – then a wildlife biologist with the NGO The Society for Environmental Exploration – was surveying the reserve.The newly discovered Ruvu spiny reed frog (Hyperolius ruvuensis)from Ruvu South Forest Reserve has never been photographed in the wild and is only known from museum specimens collected in 2001. Photo by Chris Barret“One evening I could hear this reed frog calling,” he told Mongabay. “And I remember thinking: ‘Well, that’s strange. They shouldn’t be here’.”That’s because reed frogs hadn’t been known to inhabit lowland, coastal forests – the very landscape that typified Ruvu South Forest Reserve. This piqued Emmett’s interest, so he waded into the reeds, where he found several frogs that he’d never seen before.Like any wildlife biologist would do, he turned to field guides for answers, he said.“Every time you find anything, you look at the books,” Emmett said. “Normally, you can identify something straight away, but when you’ve gone through to the last page of the book and the frog is still not there, you start to get excited.”He reached the last page, but still couldn’t find a match. Sensing a possible species discovery, he collected a few of the frogs and sent them off to London, where they would later be identified.Ruvu South Forest Reserve is an unusual place to discover a new species, the authors say. Indeed, scientists typically find new species in unexplored, intact, and isolated habitats – and none of these terms describe the reserve. According to Barratt, that’s part of what makes this discovery especially exciting.“This discovery shows us that even a small forest reserve right next to a busy city that’s been surveyed quite a lot can yield new species,” he said. “For me, that’s really exciting.”But it’s alarming as well, the researchers write. That’s because H. ruvuensis is likely “microendemic” to the reserve, meaning it’s found nowhere else on the planet, according to the study. In other words: if habitat in the reserve is wiped out, the species will be, too.And habitat loss is already well underway. Tree cover data from the University of Maryland reveals that more than 3,000 hectares – or 13 percent – of the reserve’s forests were cleared between 2000 and 2014. Research by the Tanzania Forest Conservation Group (TFCG), a local NGO, points to fire and illegal charcoal production as the primary drivers.Around 13 percent of the tree cover in Ruvu South Forest Reserve was lost between 2001 and 2014. Currently, forests remain in around 66 percent of the reserve.Hyperolius ruvuensis hasn’t been seen in the wild since it was first found by Emmett’s team in 2001, despite recent attempts to track it down.But that doesn’t mean the species is extinct, the researchers say – more research is needed to make that determination. For now, the authors recommend that H. ruvuensis be classified as Critically Endangered by The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), a category saved for species that are facing a high risk of extinction in the wild, like the Sumatran orangutan.The future of H. ruvuensis – and other species in the reserve – relies on stronger enforcement of protected area laws, Barratt says. And it’s now or never, he adds.“There has to be something done in a way to mitigate people going into the forest and cutting a trees down,” he said. “It’s really at the stage now where it’s completely critical that they do something.”Emmett, now a Senior Vice President at Conservation International, agrees on the state of urgency.“To me this species being discovered and potentially disappearing is a rallying cry to the urgency of the need [for] better protected nature because we don’t know what we’ve got until it’s gone,” he said. Popular in the CommunitySponsoredSponsoredOrangutan found tortured and decapitated prompts Indonesia probeEMGIES17 Jan, 2018We will never know the full extent of what this poor Orangutan went through before he died, the same must be done to this evil perpetrator(s) they don’t deserve the air that they breathe this has truly upset me and I wonder for the future for these wonderful creatures. So called ‘Mankind’ has a lot to answer for we are the only ones ruining this world I prefer animals to humans any day of the week.What makes community ecotourism succeed? In Madagascar, location, location, locationScissors1dOther countries should also learn and try to incorporateWhy you should care about the current wave of mass extinctions (commentary)Processor1 DecAfter all, there is no infinite anything in the whole galaxy!Infinite stupidity, right here on earth.The wildlife trade threatens people and animals alike (commentary)Anchor3dUnfortunately I feel The Chinese have no compassion for any living animal. They are a cruel country that as we knowneatbeverything that moves and do not humanily kill these poor animals and insects. They have no health and safety on their markets and they then contract these diseases. Maybe its karma maybe they should look at the way they live and stop using animals for all there so called remedies. DisgustingConservationists welcome China’s wildlife trade banThobolo27 JanChina has consistently been the worlds worst, “ Face of Evil “ in regards our planets flora and fauna survival. In some ways, this is nature trying to fight back. This ban is great, but the rest of the world just cannot allow it to be temporary, because history has demonstrated that once this coronavirus passes, they will in all likelihood, simply revert to been the planets worst Ecco Terrorists. Let’s simply not allow this to happen! How and why they have been able to degrade this planets iconic species, rape the planets rivers, oceans and forests, with apparent impunity, is just mind boggling! Please no more.Probing rural poachers in Africa: Why do they poach?Carrot3dOne day I feel like animals will be more scarce, and I agree with one of my friends, they said that poaching will take over the world, but I also hope notUpset about Amazon fires last year? Focus on deforestation this year (commentary)Bullhorn4dLies and more leisSponsoredSponsoredCoke is again the biggest culprit behind plastic waste in the PhilippinesGrapes7 NovOnce again the article blames companies for the actions of individuals. It is individuals that buy these products, it is individuals that dispose of them improperly. If we want to change it, we have to change, not just create bad guys to blame.Brazilian response to Bolsonaro policies and Amazon fires growsCar4 SepThank you for this excellent report. I feel overwhelmed by the ecocidal intent of the Bolsonaro government in the name of ‘developing’ their ‘God-given’ resources.U.S. allocates first of $30M in grants for forest conservation in SumatraPlanet4dcarrot hella thick ;)Melting Arctic sea ice may be altering winds, weather at equator: studyleftylarry30 JanThe Arctic sea ice seems to be recovering this winter as per the last 10-12 years, good news.Malaysia has the world’s highest deforestation rate, reveals Google forest mapBone27 Sep, 2018Who you’re trying to fool with selective data revelation?You can’t hide the truth if you show historical deforestation for all countries, especially in Europe from 1800s to this day. WorldBank has a good wholesome data on this.Mass tree planting along India’s Cauvery River has scientists worriedSurendra Nekkanti23 JanHi Mongabay. Good effort trying to be objective in this article. I would like to give a constructive feedback which could help in clearing things up.1. It is mentioned that planting trees in village common lands will have negative affects socially and ecologically. There is no need to even have to agree or disagree with it, because, you also mentioned the fact that Cauvery Calling aims to plant trees only in the private lands of the farmers. So, plantation in the common lands doesn’t come into the picture.2.I don’t see that the ecologists are totally against this project, but just they they have some concerns, mainly in terms of what species of trees will be planted. And because there was no direct communication between the ecologists and Isha Foundation, it was not possible for them to address the concerns. As you seem to have spoken with an Isha spokesperson, if you could connect the concerned parties, it would be great, because I see that the ecologists are genuinely interested in making sure things are done the right way.May we all come together and make things happen.Rare Amazon bush dogs caught on camera in BoliviaCarrot1 Feba very good iniciative to be fallowed by the ranchers all overSponsoredlast_img read more

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Lourugbourg Lightning confirm Peace Proscovia’s departure

first_img Tags: Lourugbourg LightningPeace Proscoviashe cranestop Peace Proscovia has been at Lourugbourg Lightning for close to four years (file photo)UK based netball side Lourugbourg Lightning have confirmed that She Cranes captain Peace Proscovia will departure the UK based side.Procovia who has been at Lourugbourg since 2015 will be free to join Australian side Sunshine Coast Lightening after completing her Master of Science degree at Loughborough University this autumn.“It is with great sadness that we can confirm that Peace Proscovia is heading for new pastures, read a statement on Lourugbourg’s website.“She has been a true pleasure during her 4 years in Loughborough and we wish her all the luck in the world.Before heading to the UK, Peace previously played for National Insurance Corporation and Uganda Christian University in Mukono.For all the years she played in UK, she was top scorer in super league and she is regarded as one of the best goal shooters in world netball.Her new side, Sunshine Coast Lightning competes in the premier domestic league, Suncorp Super Netball and they are coached by Noeline Taurua, captained by Geva Mentor.Comments last_img read more

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Strategies for Increasing Contraception Access to Adolescents

first_imgPosted on July 3, 2014November 4, 2016By: Katie Millar, Technical Writer, Women and Health Initiative, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public HealthClick to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)This post is part two of two in our family planning feature this weekBuilding on the emphasis at the PMNCH Partners’ Forum this week of extending care to adolescents, identifying strategies that work for increasing access of contraception to adolescents is both critical and timely. This week the article Scale Up of Adolescent-Friendly Contraceptive Services: Lessons from a 5 Country Comparative Analysisco-authored by Pathfinder, UNFPA, and Expandnet on this topic was published. This paper assesses adolescent-friendly contraceptive services (AFCS) in five countries: Ethiopia, Ghana, Mozambique, and Tanzania.Gaps in Adolescent SRH ServicesAddressing the sexual and reproductive health (SRH) needs of adolescents is critical especially for 10-19 year old girls since their limited power due to age and gender inequality put them at increased risk of unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections (STIs). In fact, in South Central and Southeast Asia and sub-Saharan Africa, 68% of sexually active adolescent girls have an unmet need for contraception. Adolescents bear the burden of poor SRH due to  barriers to appropriate services, which include contraceptive services. The World Health Organization (WHO) defines adolescent-friendly contraceptive services (AFCS) as those that are equitable, accessible, acceptable, appropriate, and effective (which includes the provision of a wide range of methods). AFCS can greatly mitigate the barriers adolescents currently face in accessing contraception.Cross-cutting aspects of scale-up and deliveryAs the authors in this paper assessed the AFCS programs in the five countries listed above, major themes emerged. First, the five programs all included key characteristics:Privacy and confidentiality;Use of trained, nonjudgmental providers;Availability of a full range of methods;Free or subsidized services; andAdolescent involvement in design, implementation, and quality improvement of services.In addition, scale-up and sustainability was increased by creating public-private partnerships; establishing a variety of service access points (pharmacies in Vietnam, workplace satellite clinics in Ghana, and community-based distribution in Ghana, Tanzania, Ethiopia, and Mozambique); and generating demand for AFCS through peer educators, youth groups, community workshops, social marketing, and mass media.Lessons LearnedOverall the key categories of lessons learned are as follows:Government Commitment: Successful scale-up requires clear national, regional/ provincial, and district government commitment, policy and agreement to the extent of scale-up of AFCS at the onset of the program.Synergistic Scale-up: Both institutionalizing and then expanding services were key strategies for successful sustainable scale-up of AFCS.After supportive policy was created, it was critical to roll-out AFCS as soon as possible and facilitate institutionalization through dissemination of technical expertise, tools, and curricula. As services were expanded, more adolescents accessed services which created momentum for adolescents and civil society to hold governments responsible for maintaining fully adolescent health policies. ShareEmailPrint To learn more, read: Adolescent involvement: Given their age, adolescents often have less political visibility, so in order to actively engage youths, extra steps need to be taken .Adolescents were trained as peer-educators and in this role they generated demand for AFCS by bridging connections between the community and health facilities, providing information and nonclinical contraceptive methods to their peers, and by making peer referrals to clinical services.Using Pilot Sites: In order to envision and implement successful AFCS, adolescents and health providers found observing pilot sites of successful, quality AFCS created learning opportunities and reinforcement of training. In addition, these pilot sites were critical for fostering good will and political commitment from district- and regional-decision makers.Analysis and investments in health service delivery: Before planning for implementation and scale-up of AFCS, it is critical to analyze the strengths and weaknesses of the current health delivery system. Identifying strengths and weaknesses will impact how scale-up is planned and should expedite investments to mitigate gaps in basic service delivery. These aspects of health systems strengthening should occur before AFCS is implemented.Key weaknesses identified in health systems were: low-quality contraceptive services for all ages, unavailability of some methods of contraception due to poor supply chains and untrained health providers, weak supervision systems, and lack of age-disaggregated data for informing quality management decisions. Factors Affecting Sustainability:Degree of expansion;Extent of institutionalization;Inclusion of AFCS into relevant budget lines;Integration of AFCS into pre-service curricula, lessening the need of on-going trainings given the high rate of staff turnover; andLevel of adolescent engagement. Monitoring & Evaluation Data: Before implementation and scale-up of AFCS is started, it is key to engage with key stakeholders to ensure revised national HMIS that will support age-disaggregated data and sufficient monitoring & evaluation of programs so that quality improvement is implemented. In addition, the experience of all five countries demonstrated that collecting and routinely examining service quality data is critical to ensuring quality expansion of services.As this is a brief overview of the article, we encourage you to read the full open-access article if you are involved in implementing AFCS in your country.Share this:last_img read more

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